In this paper, the synthetic inertia need of the small island of Pantelleria in the Mediterranean Sea is assessed. Firstly, the optimal renewable energy mix able to minimize the Levelized Cost of Energy for the generation system of the island is evaluated, considering the yearly load demand and the characteristics of the local natural resources. The optimal energy mix introduces in the island a quota of power generation with static power converters interfaced to the grid that could jeopardize the security of the system if not suitably controlled. Therefore, the inherent inertial response of the diesel generators of the system is calculated hour by hour for each month of one year, considering the new schedule of the generators for various cases characterized by different percentages of production from the optimum renewable energy mix. Finally, the rated power and capacity of a battery energy storage system is calculated in order to compensate the reduction of the inertial response in the power system thanks to a suitable synthetic inertia control. The calculation is done by considering the maximum allowed frequency nadir in case of a disturbance. For each scenario, the maximum disturbance is also assessed with and without synthetic inertia. The results are compared with those obtained in a previous study on the same island where batteries were used for different purposes.

D. Curto, S. Favuzza, V. Franzitta, A. Guercio, M. Amparo Navarro Navia, E. Telaretti, et al. (2022). Grid Stability Improvement Using Synthetic Inertia by Battery Energy Storage Systems in Small Islands. ENERGY, 254(part C) [10.1016/j.energy.2022.124456].

Grid Stability Improvement Using Synthetic Inertia by Battery Energy Storage Systems in Small Islands

D. Curto
;
S. Favuzza;V. Franzitta;A. Guercio;E. Telaretti;G. Zizzo
2022-09-01

Abstract

In this paper, the synthetic inertia need of the small island of Pantelleria in the Mediterranean Sea is assessed. Firstly, the optimal renewable energy mix able to minimize the Levelized Cost of Energy for the generation system of the island is evaluated, considering the yearly load demand and the characteristics of the local natural resources. The optimal energy mix introduces in the island a quota of power generation with static power converters interfaced to the grid that could jeopardize the security of the system if not suitably controlled. Therefore, the inherent inertial response of the diesel generators of the system is calculated hour by hour for each month of one year, considering the new schedule of the generators for various cases characterized by different percentages of production from the optimum renewable energy mix. Finally, the rated power and capacity of a battery energy storage system is calculated in order to compensate the reduction of the inertial response in the power system thanks to a suitable synthetic inertia control. The calculation is done by considering the maximum allowed frequency nadir in case of a disturbance. For each scenario, the maximum disturbance is also assessed with and without synthetic inertia. The results are compared with those obtained in a previous study on the same island where batteries were used for different purposes.
Settore ING-IND/11 - Fisica Tecnica Ambientale
Settore ING-IND/33 - Sistemi Elettrici Per L'Energia
D. Curto, S. Favuzza, V. Franzitta, A. Guercio, M. Amparo Navarro Navia, E. Telaretti, et al. (2022). Grid Stability Improvement Using Synthetic Inertia by Battery Energy Storage Systems in Small Islands. ENERGY, 254(part C) [10.1016/j.energy.2022.124456].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/567685
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