We present a framework for the linear parametric analysis of pairwise interactions in bivariate time series in the time and frequency domains, which allows the evaluation of total, causal and instantaneous interactions and connects time- and frequency-domain measures. The framework is applied to physiological time series to investigate the cerebrovascular regulation from the variability of mean cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) and mean arterial pressure (MAP), and the cardiovascular regulation from the variability of heart period (HP) and systolic arterial pressure (SAP). We analyze time series acquired at rest and during the early and late phase of head-up tilt in subjects developing orthostatic syncope in response to prolonged postural stress, and in healthy controls. The spectral measures of total, causal and instantaneous coupling between HP and SAP, and between MAP and CBFV, are averaged in the low-frequency band of the spectrum to focus on specific rhythms, and over all frequencies to get time-domain measures. The analysis of cardiovascular interactions indicates that postural stress induces baroreflex involvement, and its prolongation induces baroreflex dysregulation in syncope subjects. The analysis of cerebrovascular interactions indicates that the postural stress enhances the total coupling between MAP and CBFV, and challenges cerebral autoregulation in syncope subjects, while the strong sympathetic activation elicited by prolonged postural stress in healthy controls may determine an increased coupling from CBFV to MAP during late tilt. These results document that the combination of time-domain and spectral measures allows us to obtain an integrated view of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular regulation in healthy and diseased subjects.

Pernice, R., Sparacino, L., Bari, V., Gelpi, F., Cairo, B., Mijatovic, G., et al. (2022). Spectral decomposition of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular interactions in patients prone to postural syncope and healthy controls. AUTONOMIC NEUROSCIENCE: BASIC & CLINICAL, 242 [10.1016/j.autneu.2022.103021].

Spectral decomposition of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular interactions in patients prone to postural syncope and healthy controls

Pernice, Riccardo;Sparacino, Laura;Antonacci, Yuri;Faes, Luca
2022-08-09

Abstract

We present a framework for the linear parametric analysis of pairwise interactions in bivariate time series in the time and frequency domains, which allows the evaluation of total, causal and instantaneous interactions and connects time- and frequency-domain measures. The framework is applied to physiological time series to investigate the cerebrovascular regulation from the variability of mean cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) and mean arterial pressure (MAP), and the cardiovascular regulation from the variability of heart period (HP) and systolic arterial pressure (SAP). We analyze time series acquired at rest and during the early and late phase of head-up tilt in subjects developing orthostatic syncope in response to prolonged postural stress, and in healthy controls. The spectral measures of total, causal and instantaneous coupling between HP and SAP, and between MAP and CBFV, are averaged in the low-frequency band of the spectrum to focus on specific rhythms, and over all frequencies to get time-domain measures. The analysis of cardiovascular interactions indicates that postural stress induces baroreflex involvement, and its prolongation induces baroreflex dysregulation in syncope subjects. The analysis of cerebrovascular interactions indicates that the postural stress enhances the total coupling between MAP and CBFV, and challenges cerebral autoregulation in syncope subjects, while the strong sympathetic activation elicited by prolonged postural stress in healthy controls may determine an increased coupling from CBFV to MAP during late tilt. These results document that the combination of time-domain and spectral measures allows us to obtain an integrated view of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular regulation in healthy and diseased subjects.
Settore ING-INF/06 - Bioingegneria Elettronica E Informatica
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1566070222000807
Pernice, R., Sparacino, L., Bari, V., Gelpi, F., Cairo, B., Mijatovic, G., et al. (2022). Spectral decomposition of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular interactions in patients prone to postural syncope and healthy controls. AUTONOMIC NEUROSCIENCE: BASIC & CLINICAL, 242 [10.1016/j.autneu.2022.103021].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/567422
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