This paper reviews the state-of-the-art technologies, characterizations, materials (precursors and encapsulants), and challenges concerning multicolor and white light-emitting diodes (LEDs) based on carbon dots (CDs) as color converters. Herein, CDs are exploited to achieve emission in LEDs at wavelengths longer than the pump wavelength. White LEDs are typically obtained by pumping broad band visible-emitting CDs by an UV LED, or yellow–green-emitting CDs by a blue LED. The most important methods used to produce CDs, top-down and bottom-up, are described in detail, together with the process that allows one to embed the synthetized CDs on the surface of the pumping LEDs. Experimental results show that CDs are very promising ecofriendly candidates with the potential to replace phosphors in traditional color conversion LEDs. The future for these devices is bright, but several goals must still be achieved to reach full maturity.

Danilo Trapani, Roberto Macaluso, Isodiana Crupi, & Mauro Mosca (2022). Color Conversion Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Carbon Dots: A Review [10.3390/ma15155450].

Color Conversion Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Carbon Dots: A Review

Danilo Trapani;Roberto Macaluso;Isodiana Crupi;Mauro Mosca
2022-08-08

Abstract

This paper reviews the state-of-the-art technologies, characterizations, materials (precursors and encapsulants), and challenges concerning multicolor and white light-emitting diodes (LEDs) based on carbon dots (CDs) as color converters. Herein, CDs are exploited to achieve emission in LEDs at wavelengths longer than the pump wavelength. White LEDs are typically obtained by pumping broad band visible-emitting CDs by an UV LED, or yellow–green-emitting CDs by a blue LED. The most important methods used to produce CDs, top-down and bottom-up, are described in detail, together with the process that allows one to embed the synthetized CDs on the surface of the pumping LEDs. Experimental results show that CDs are very promising ecofriendly candidates with the potential to replace phosphors in traditional color conversion LEDs. The future for these devices is bright, but several goals must still be achieved to reach full maturity.
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https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1944/15/15/5450
Danilo Trapani, Roberto Macaluso, Isodiana Crupi, & Mauro Mosca (2022). Color Conversion Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Carbon Dots: A Review [10.3390/ma15155450].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/566503
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