The design of a high-efficiency Traveling Wave Tube (TWT) based on a non-conventional folded waveguide slow-wave structure (FW-SWS) operating over 34-36 GHz for naval and ground Ka-band radars is presented. The ridge vane-loaded FW structure allows a good compromise between high interaction impedance and wide bandwidth along with a low weight required for aircraft radar applications and a simple planar manufacturing process structure. Small signal simulations are performed with a custom interaction impedance evaluation program. The CST suite 2021 3D electromagnetic simulation code is used for the prediction of the dispersion diagram. Starting from a sensitivity analysis of the folded waveguide in terms of width, a high electronic efficiency value of 14.6% is obtained with a reduction in the width of 0.1 mm. To further improve electronic efficiency, a negative phase-velocity step tapering technique is applied and a value of 15.4% from 34 to 36 GHz is obtained. Finally, under an optimized beam voltage and current of 21 kV and 550 mA, respectively, a peak value of the output power of approximately 1.7 kW and an output power of 800 W with a duty cycle of 12% over the frequency band are obtained. Measurement results of the interaction impedance of a ridge vane-loaded FWG structure composed of a 10-period high-conductivity oxygen-free copper carried out according to the Langerstrom perturbation method, confirm the goodness of the simulation results.

PATRIZIA LIVRERI (2022). Design of a High-Efficiency Ka-band TWT Power Amplifier for Radar Applications. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE [10.1109/TPS.2022.3195919].

Design of a High-Efficiency Ka-band TWT Power Amplifier for Radar Applications

PATRIZIA LIVRERI
2022

Abstract

The design of a high-efficiency Traveling Wave Tube (TWT) based on a non-conventional folded waveguide slow-wave structure (FW-SWS) operating over 34-36 GHz for naval and ground Ka-band radars is presented. The ridge vane-loaded FW structure allows a good compromise between high interaction impedance and wide bandwidth along with a low weight required for aircraft radar applications and a simple planar manufacturing process structure. Small signal simulations are performed with a custom interaction impedance evaluation program. The CST suite 2021 3D electromagnetic simulation code is used for the prediction of the dispersion diagram. Starting from a sensitivity analysis of the folded waveguide in terms of width, a high electronic efficiency value of 14.6% is obtained with a reduction in the width of 0.1 mm. To further improve electronic efficiency, a negative phase-velocity step tapering technique is applied and a value of 15.4% from 34 to 36 GHz is obtained. Finally, under an optimized beam voltage and current of 21 kV and 550 mA, respectively, a peak value of the output power of approximately 1.7 kW and an output power of 800 W with a duty cycle of 12% over the frequency band are obtained. Measurement results of the interaction impedance of a ridge vane-loaded FWG structure composed of a 10-period high-conductivity oxygen-free copper carried out according to the Langerstrom perturbation method, confirm the goodness of the simulation results.
Settore ING-INF/01 - Elettronica
Settore ING-INF/02 - Campi Elettromagnetici
PATRIZIA LIVRERI (2022). Design of a High-Efficiency Ka-band TWT Power Amplifier for Radar Applications. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE [10.1109/TPS.2022.3195919].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/565965
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