Hydraulic turbines for energy recovery in wastewater treatment plants, with relatively large discharges values and small head jumps, are usually screw Archimedes or Kaplan types. In the specific case of a small head jump (about 3 m) underlying a rectangular weir in the major Palermo (Italy) water treatment plant, a traditional Kaplan solution is compared with two other new proposals: a Hydrostatic Pressure Machine (HPM) located at the upstream channel and a cross-flow turbine (CFT) located in a specific underground room downstream of the same channel. The fluid mechanical formulations of the flow through these turbines are analyzed and the characteristic parameters are stated. Numerical analysis was carried out for the validation of the HPM design criteria. The efficiency at the design point of the CFT and HPM are estimated using the ANSYS CFX solver for resolution of 3D URANS analysis. The strong and weak points of the three devices are compared. Finally, a viability analysis is developed based on several economic indicators. This innovative study with a theoretical formulation of the most suitable turbomachine characterization, the potential energy estimation based on hydraulic energy recovery in a real case study of a wastewater treatment plant and the comparison of the three different low-head turbines, enhancing the main advantages, is of utmost importance towards the net-zero water sector decarbonization.

Sinagra Marco, Picone Calogero, Picone Paolo, Arico Costanza, Tucciarelli Tullio, & Ramos Helena M. (2022). Low-Head Hydropower for Energy Recovery in Wastewater Systems. WATER, 14(10) [10.3390/w14101649].

Low-Head Hydropower for Energy Recovery in Wastewater Systems

Sinagra Marco
;
Picone Calogero;Picone Paolo;Arico Costanza;Tucciarelli Tullio;
2022-05-21

Abstract

Hydraulic turbines for energy recovery in wastewater treatment plants, with relatively large discharges values and small head jumps, are usually screw Archimedes or Kaplan types. In the specific case of a small head jump (about 3 m) underlying a rectangular weir in the major Palermo (Italy) water treatment plant, a traditional Kaplan solution is compared with two other new proposals: a Hydrostatic Pressure Machine (HPM) located at the upstream channel and a cross-flow turbine (CFT) located in a specific underground room downstream of the same channel. The fluid mechanical formulations of the flow through these turbines are analyzed and the characteristic parameters are stated. Numerical analysis was carried out for the validation of the HPM design criteria. The efficiency at the design point of the CFT and HPM are estimated using the ANSYS CFX solver for resolution of 3D URANS analysis. The strong and weak points of the three devices are compared. Finally, a viability analysis is developed based on several economic indicators. This innovative study with a theoretical formulation of the most suitable turbomachine characterization, the potential energy estimation based on hydraulic energy recovery in a real case study of a wastewater treatment plant and the comparison of the three different low-head turbines, enhancing the main advantages, is of utmost importance towards the net-zero water sector decarbonization.
Settore ICAR/01 - Idraulica
https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4441/14/10/1649
Sinagra Marco, Picone Calogero, Picone Paolo, Arico Costanza, Tucciarelli Tullio, & Ramos Helena M. (2022). Low-Head Hydropower for Energy Recovery in Wastewater Systems. WATER, 14(10) [10.3390/w14101649].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/565183
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