5-Azacytidine (5-azaC), a methyltransferase inhibitor and anticancer drug, can promote several cellular stress responses such as apoptosis, autophagy, and senescence. The action of 5-azaC is complex and can be modulated by dose, time of treatment, and co-administration with oxidants. Insulinoma is a rare pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor with limited chemotherapeutic options. In the present study, two cellular models of insulinoma were considered, namely NIT-1 and β-TC-6 mouse cells, to evaluate the effects of 5-azaC post-treatment during hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress. 5-azaC attenuated the development of oxidant-induced senescent phenotype in both cell lines. No pro-apoptotic action of 5-azaC was observed in cells treated with the oxidant. On the contrary, 5-azaC stimulated an autophagic response, as demonstrated by the increase in phosphorylated eIF2α and elevated pools of autophagic marker LC3B in oxidant-treated β-TC-6 cells. Notably, autophagy resulted in increased necrotic cell death in β-TC-6 cells with higher levels of nitric oxide compared to less affected NIT-1 cells. In addition, 5-azaC increased levels of RNA methyltransferase Trdmt1, but lowered 5-mC and m6A levels, suggesting Trdmt1 inhibition. We postulate that the 5-azaC anticancer action may be potentiated during oxidative stress conditions that can be used to sensitize cancer cells, at least insulinoma cells, with limited drug responsiveness.

Filip K., Lewinska A., Adamczyk-Grochala J., Gammazza A.M., Cappello F., Lauricella M., et al. (2022). 5-Azacytidine Inhibits the Activation of Senescence Program and Promotes Cytotoxic Autophagy during Trdmt1-Mediated Oxidative Stress Response in Insulinoma β-TC-6 Cells. CELLS, 11(7), 1213 [10.3390/cells11071213].

5-Azacytidine Inhibits the Activation of Senescence Program and Promotes Cytotoxic Autophagy during Trdmt1-Mediated Oxidative Stress Response in Insulinoma β-TC-6 Cells

Filip K.
Primo
Investigation
;
Gammazza A. M.
Methodology
;
Cappello F.
Supervision
;
Lauricella M.
Conceptualization
;
2022-04-04

Abstract

5-Azacytidine (5-azaC), a methyltransferase inhibitor and anticancer drug, can promote several cellular stress responses such as apoptosis, autophagy, and senescence. The action of 5-azaC is complex and can be modulated by dose, time of treatment, and co-administration with oxidants. Insulinoma is a rare pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor with limited chemotherapeutic options. In the present study, two cellular models of insulinoma were considered, namely NIT-1 and β-TC-6 mouse cells, to evaluate the effects of 5-azaC post-treatment during hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress. 5-azaC attenuated the development of oxidant-induced senescent phenotype in both cell lines. No pro-apoptotic action of 5-azaC was observed in cells treated with the oxidant. On the contrary, 5-azaC stimulated an autophagic response, as demonstrated by the increase in phosphorylated eIF2α and elevated pools of autophagic marker LC3B in oxidant-treated β-TC-6 cells. Notably, autophagy resulted in increased necrotic cell death in β-TC-6 cells with higher levels of nitric oxide compared to less affected NIT-1 cells. In addition, 5-azaC increased levels of RNA methyltransferase Trdmt1, but lowered 5-mC and m6A levels, suggesting Trdmt1 inhibition. We postulate that the 5-azaC anticancer action may be potentiated during oxidative stress conditions that can be used to sensitize cancer cells, at least insulinoma cells, with limited drug responsiveness.
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4409/11/7/1213
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8997412/
Filip K., Lewinska A., Adamczyk-Grochala J., Gammazza A.M., Cappello F., Lauricella M., et al. (2022). 5-Azacytidine Inhibits the Activation of Senescence Program and Promotes Cytotoxic Autophagy during Trdmt1-Mediated Oxidative Stress Response in Insulinoma β-TC-6 Cells. CELLS, 11(7), 1213 [10.3390/cells11071213].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/558400
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