Development of sustainable aquaculture practices is a suitable solution to reduce the pressure on overexploited stocks of the Mediterranean sea urchin, Paracentrotus lividus, and to respond to the increasing market demand. To move forward the Blue Growth and following the principles of circular economy, a three-month feeding experiment was conducted to test a sustainable feed based on food processing discards on sea urchins. Two feed formulations differing on the proportions of the two main ingredients (endive outermost leaves and European anchovy discards in a ratio of 60:40 and 80:20 respectively) were prepared and tested on P. lividus gonad yield, development and quality. The results were compared with those of wild sea urchins to assess the differences with natural patterns. Both feed formulations promoted gonad growth resulting in a significantly higher percentage increase in gonad biomass compared with wild specimens (490%, 330% and 78% increase in gonad weight in the feed 60/40, 80/20 and wild sea urchins respectively). Similarly, GSI of reared sea urchins varied by about 3–12% and 14% for sea urchins fed with feeds 80/20 and 60/40 respectively, while that found in wild sea urchins varied by about 3–5%. Gonad development was also boosted by the provision of the sustainable feed, as sexual maturation was faster in reared specimens than in wild ones. At the end of the trial, reared sea urchins showed also a very high (> 90%) frequency of marketable gonad colour. Lastly, the formulation with a more balanced vegetal/animal ratio (feed 60/40) gave the best results overall, combining the highest GSI and the best gonad colouration. Outcomes of this study confirm the suitability of food processing discards as ingredients for sea urchin feeds, although further research is needed to evaluate the effects on nutritional quality and organoleptic features of sea urchin gonads.

Ciriminna L., Signa G., Vaccaro Antonino Maurizio, Visconti G., Mazzola A., & Vizzini S. (2021). Turning waste into gold: Sustainable feed made of discards from the food industries promotes gonad development and colouration in the commercial sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816). AQUACULTURE REPORTS, 21 [10.1016/j.aqrep.2021.100881].

Turning waste into gold: Sustainable feed made of discards from the food industries promotes gonad development and colouration in the commercial sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816)

Ciriminna L.;Signa G.
;
Visconti G.;Mazzola A.;Vizzini S.
2021-11

Abstract

Development of sustainable aquaculture practices is a suitable solution to reduce the pressure on overexploited stocks of the Mediterranean sea urchin, Paracentrotus lividus, and to respond to the increasing market demand. To move forward the Blue Growth and following the principles of circular economy, a three-month feeding experiment was conducted to test a sustainable feed based on food processing discards on sea urchins. Two feed formulations differing on the proportions of the two main ingredients (endive outermost leaves and European anchovy discards in a ratio of 60:40 and 80:20 respectively) were prepared and tested on P. lividus gonad yield, development and quality. The results were compared with those of wild sea urchins to assess the differences with natural patterns. Both feed formulations promoted gonad growth resulting in a significantly higher percentage increase in gonad biomass compared with wild specimens (490%, 330% and 78% increase in gonad weight in the feed 60/40, 80/20 and wild sea urchins respectively). Similarly, GSI of reared sea urchins varied by about 3–12% and 14% for sea urchins fed with feeds 80/20 and 60/40 respectively, while that found in wild sea urchins varied by about 3–5%. Gonad development was also boosted by the provision of the sustainable feed, as sexual maturation was faster in reared specimens than in wild ones. At the end of the trial, reared sea urchins showed also a very high (> 90%) frequency of marketable gonad colour. Lastly, the formulation with a more balanced vegetal/animal ratio (feed 60/40) gave the best results overall, combining the highest GSI and the best gonad colouration. Outcomes of this study confirm the suitability of food processing discards as ingredients for sea urchin feeds, although further research is needed to evaluate the effects on nutritional quality and organoleptic features of sea urchin gonads.
Ciriminna L., Signa G., Vaccaro Antonino Maurizio, Visconti G., Mazzola A., & Vizzini S. (2021). Turning waste into gold: Sustainable feed made of discards from the food industries promotes gonad development and colouration in the commercial sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816). AQUACULTURE REPORTS, 21 [10.1016/j.aqrep.2021.100881].
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Aquaculture Reports_Ciriminna et al..pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale
Dimensione 2.28 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.28 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/541195
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact