Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) represent important causes of morbidity and mortality. Our study aimed to evaluate cardiovascular risk using the EuroSCORE, ECG and carotid ultrasound for prevention purpose in a population of companions aged 50-70 years, asymptomatic and without CVD. Methods: History of CVD, risk factors (RF), ECG and carotid ultrasound were evaluated. Intima-media thickness (IMT) was defined as wall thickness >0.9 mm, while focal thickening ≥1.5 mm protruding into the lumen as asymptomatic carotid plaque (ACP). Results: Totally, 1860 subjects were screened. 393 (21.1%) had no RF, 780 (42%) hypertension, 571 (30.7%) hypercholesterolemia, 557 (29.9%) diabetes, 474 (25.5%) smoking, 648 (34.8%) overweight, 300 (16.1%) obesity and 184 (9.9%) metabolic syndrome. Carotid atherosclerosis was detected in 903 (48.5%) subjects, 821 (44.1%) had IMT and 547 (29.4%) ACP, and was significantly related to diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia. Atrial fibrillation was found in 29 subjects (1.6%) and Brugada pattern in one. Using EuroSCORE, 220 subjects resulted at low (11.8%), 1338 at moderate (71.9%), 292 at high (15.7%) and 10 at very-high risk (0.5%). Adding ACP, the percentages were: low 159 (8.54%), moderate 1020 (54.83%), high 663 (35.64%) and very-high risk 18 (0.96%). Conclusions: A total of 302 (16.2%) subjects were at least at high risk for CV events according to the EuroSCORE, increasing to 681 (36.61%; P<0.001) adding ACP. The combination of EuroSCORE with ECG may be a useful tool in primary prevention. Carotid ultrasound furtherly increases the power of stratification of asymptomatic patients suitable for pharmacological treatment.

Novo S., Diana D., Tomasino C., Zambelli G., Mignano A., Scalmato A., et al. (2021). Electrocardiographic abnormalities, preclinical carotid atherosclerosis and cardiovascular risk in an apparently healthy real-world population Data from the "no Stroke, No Infarction" project of the Rotary International - District 2110 (Sicily and Malta). INTERNATIONAL ANGIOLOGY, 40(6), 470-477 [10.23736/S0392-9590.21.04637-X].

Electrocardiographic abnormalities, preclinical carotid atherosclerosis and cardiovascular risk in an apparently healthy real-world population Data from the "no Stroke, No Infarction" project of the Rotary International - District 2110 (Sicily and Malta)

Novo S.
;
Diana D.;Tomasino C.;Zambelli G.;Mignano A.;Maniscalco L.;Galassi A. R.;Matranga D.;Novo G.
2021

Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) represent important causes of morbidity and mortality. Our study aimed to evaluate cardiovascular risk using the EuroSCORE, ECG and carotid ultrasound for prevention purpose in a population of companions aged 50-70 years, asymptomatic and without CVD. Methods: History of CVD, risk factors (RF), ECG and carotid ultrasound were evaluated. Intima-media thickness (IMT) was defined as wall thickness >0.9 mm, while focal thickening ≥1.5 mm protruding into the lumen as asymptomatic carotid plaque (ACP). Results: Totally, 1860 subjects were screened. 393 (21.1%) had no RF, 780 (42%) hypertension, 571 (30.7%) hypercholesterolemia, 557 (29.9%) diabetes, 474 (25.5%) smoking, 648 (34.8%) overweight, 300 (16.1%) obesity and 184 (9.9%) metabolic syndrome. Carotid atherosclerosis was detected in 903 (48.5%) subjects, 821 (44.1%) had IMT and 547 (29.4%) ACP, and was significantly related to diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia. Atrial fibrillation was found in 29 subjects (1.6%) and Brugada pattern in one. Using EuroSCORE, 220 subjects resulted at low (11.8%), 1338 at moderate (71.9%), 292 at high (15.7%) and 10 at very-high risk (0.5%). Adding ACP, the percentages were: low 159 (8.54%), moderate 1020 (54.83%), high 663 (35.64%) and very-high risk 18 (0.96%). Conclusions: A total of 302 (16.2%) subjects were at least at high risk for CV events according to the EuroSCORE, increasing to 681 (36.61%; P<0.001) adding ACP. The combination of EuroSCORE with ECG may be a useful tool in primary prevention. Carotid ultrasound furtherly increases the power of stratification of asymptomatic patients suitable for pharmacological treatment.
Novo S., Diana D., Tomasino C., Zambelli G., Mignano A., Scalmato A., et al. (2021). Electrocardiographic abnormalities, preclinical carotid atherosclerosis and cardiovascular risk in an apparently healthy real-world population Data from the "no Stroke, No Infarction" project of the Rotary International - District 2110 (Sicily and Malta). INTERNATIONAL ANGIOLOGY, 40(6), 470-477 [10.23736/S0392-9590.21.04637-X].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/535532
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