The use of expanded criteria donors is one of the strategies used to overcome the gap between the demand for organs and the number of donors. Physicians debate the extent to which marginal grafts can be used. In recent years, normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) has been used to test liver viability before transplantation. Grafts underwent NMP whenever histological steatosis was > 40% or there were at least three Eurotransplant criteria for expanded criteria donor (ECD). We used NMP to test 19 grafts, 3 from donation after type 3 controlled cardiac death (DCD), and 16 from donation after brain death (DBD). Only two grafts from DBD were not transplanted, because perfusion proved they were not suitable (total of 17 transplanted grafts of 19 tested grafts). Kaplan–Meier survival estimates at 30, 90, 180, and 1 year after transplant were all 94% (95% CI 84–100%); estimated 3-years survival was 82% (95% CI 62–100%). Overall survival rates did not differ from those of patients transplanted with non-perfused grafts from an ECD. In our experience, the use of very marginal grafts preventively tested by NMP does not negatively influence the patient’s outcome, and increases the number of transplants in low donation areas.

Seidita A., Longo R., Di Francesco F., Tropea A., Calamia S., Panarello G., et al. (2021). The use of normothermic machine perfusion to rescue liver allografts from expanded criteria donors. UPDATES IN SURGERY [10.1007/s13304-021-01169-2].

The use of normothermic machine perfusion to rescue liver allografts from expanded criteria donors

Seidita A.
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Calamia S.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Barbara M.
Data Curation
;
2021-09-20

Abstract

The use of expanded criteria donors is one of the strategies used to overcome the gap between the demand for organs and the number of donors. Physicians debate the extent to which marginal grafts can be used. In recent years, normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) has been used to test liver viability before transplantation. Grafts underwent NMP whenever histological steatosis was > 40% or there were at least three Eurotransplant criteria for expanded criteria donor (ECD). We used NMP to test 19 grafts, 3 from donation after type 3 controlled cardiac death (DCD), and 16 from donation after brain death (DBD). Only two grafts from DBD were not transplanted, because perfusion proved they were not suitable (total of 17 transplanted grafts of 19 tested grafts). Kaplan–Meier survival estimates at 30, 90, 180, and 1 year after transplant were all 94% (95% CI 84–100%); estimated 3-years survival was 82% (95% CI 62–100%). Overall survival rates did not differ from those of patients transplanted with non-perfused grafts from an ECD. In our experience, the use of very marginal grafts preventively tested by NMP does not negatively influence the patient’s outcome, and increases the number of transplants in low donation areas.
Seidita A., Longo R., Di Francesco F., Tropea A., Calamia S., Panarello G., et al. (2021). The use of normothermic machine perfusion to rescue liver allografts from expanded criteria donors. UPDATES IN SURGERY [10.1007/s13304-021-01169-2].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/533330
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