The ordinarily benign activity of basaltic volcanoes is periodically interrupted by violent paroxysmal explosions ranging in size from Hawaiian to Plinian in the most extreme examples. These paroxysms often occur suddenly and with limited or no precursors, leaving their causal mechanisms still incompletely understood. Two such events took place in summer 2019 at Stromboli, a volcano otherwise known for its persistent mild open-vent activity, resulting in one fatality and damage to infrastructure. Here, we use a post hoc analysis and reinterpretation of volcanic gas compositions and fluxes acquired at Stromboli to show that the two paroxysms were preceded by detectable escalations in volcanic plume CO2 degassing weeks to months beforehand. Our results demonstrate that volcanic gas CO2 is a key driver of explosions and that the preparatory periods ahead of explosions in basaltic systems can be captured by precursory CO2 leakage from deeply stored mafic magma.

Aiuppa A., Bitetto M., Delle Donne D., la Monica F.P., Tamburello G., Coppola D., et al. (2021). Volcanic CO2 tracks the incubation period of basaltic paroxysms. SCIENCE ADVANCES, 7(38), eabh0191 [10.1126/sciadv.abh0191].

Volcanic CO2 tracks the incubation period of basaltic paroxysms

Aiuppa A.
;
Bitetto M.;Delle Donne D.;la Monica F. P.;Tamburello G.;Coppola D.;Della Schiava M.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

The ordinarily benign activity of basaltic volcanoes is periodically interrupted by violent paroxysmal explosions ranging in size from Hawaiian to Plinian in the most extreme examples. These paroxysms often occur suddenly and with limited or no precursors, leaving their causal mechanisms still incompletely understood. Two such events took place in summer 2019 at Stromboli, a volcano otherwise known for its persistent mild open-vent activity, resulting in one fatality and damage to infrastructure. Here, we use a post hoc analysis and reinterpretation of volcanic gas compositions and fluxes acquired at Stromboli to show that the two paroxysms were preceded by detectable escalations in volcanic plume CO2 degassing weeks to months beforehand. Our results demonstrate that volcanic gas CO2 is a key driver of explosions and that the preparatory periods ahead of explosions in basaltic systems can be captured by precursory CO2 leakage from deeply stored mafic magma.
2021
Aiuppa A., Bitetto M., Delle Donne D., la Monica F.P., Tamburello G., Coppola D., et al. (2021). Volcanic CO2 tracks the incubation period of basaltic paroxysms. SCIENCE ADVANCES, 7(38), eabh0191 [10.1126/sciadv.abh0191].
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Aiuppa et al 2021 sciadv.abh0191.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale
Dimensione 3.93 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.93 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/530311
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 3
  • Scopus 25
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 24
social impact