Glucagon-like-peptide-1 (GLP-1) is a proglucagon-derived peptide expressed in the intestinal enteroendocrine-L cells and released after meal ingestion. GLP-1 reduces postprandial glycemia not only by its hormonal effects, but also by its inhibitory effects on gastrointestinal motility. Recently, we showed that GLP-1 acts in the enteric nervous system of mouse intestine. Therefore our working hypothesis was that GLP-1 may have also a direct influence on the gastric mechanical activity since the major part of experimental studies about its involvement in the regulation of gastric motility have been conducted in in vivo conditions. The purposes of this study were (i) to examine exogenous GLP-1 effects on mouse gastric mechanical activity using isolated whole stomach; (ii) to clarify the regional activity of GLP-1 using circular muscular strips from gastric fundus or antrum; (iii) to analyze the mechanism of action underlying the observed effects; (iv) to verify regional differences of GLP-1 receptors (GLP-1R) expression by RT-PCR. In the whole stomach GLP-1 caused concentration-dependent relaxation significantly anatagonized by exendin (9–39), an antagonist of GLP-1R and abolished by tetrodotoxin (TTX) or N - nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME), inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) synthase. GLP-1 was without any effect in fundic strips, but it induced concentration-dependent relaxation in carbachol-precontracted antral strips. The effect was abolished by TTX or l-NAME. RT-PCR analysis revealed a higher expression of GLP-1R mRNA in antrum than in fundus. These results suggest that exogenous GLP-1 is able to reduce mouse gastric motility by acting peripherally in the antral region, through neural NO release.

Rotondo, A., Amato, A., Lentini, L., Baldassano, S., & Mulè, F. (2011). Glucagon-like peptide-1 relaxes gastric antrum through nitric oxide in mice. PEPTIDES, 32(1), 60-64 [10.1016/j.peptides.2010.09.028].

Glucagon-like peptide-1 relaxes gastric antrum through nitric oxide in mice.

AMATO, Antonella;LENTINI, Laura;BALDASSANO, Sara;MULE', Flavia
2011

Abstract

Glucagon-like-peptide-1 (GLP-1) is a proglucagon-derived peptide expressed in the intestinal enteroendocrine-L cells and released after meal ingestion. GLP-1 reduces postprandial glycemia not only by its hormonal effects, but also by its inhibitory effects on gastrointestinal motility. Recently, we showed that GLP-1 acts in the enteric nervous system of mouse intestine. Therefore our working hypothesis was that GLP-1 may have also a direct influence on the gastric mechanical activity since the major part of experimental studies about its involvement in the regulation of gastric motility have been conducted in in vivo conditions. The purposes of this study were (i) to examine exogenous GLP-1 effects on mouse gastric mechanical activity using isolated whole stomach; (ii) to clarify the regional activity of GLP-1 using circular muscular strips from gastric fundus or antrum; (iii) to analyze the mechanism of action underlying the observed effects; (iv) to verify regional differences of GLP-1 receptors (GLP-1R) expression by RT-PCR. In the whole stomach GLP-1 caused concentration-dependent relaxation significantly anatagonized by exendin (9–39), an antagonist of GLP-1R and abolished by tetrodotoxin (TTX) or N - nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME), inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) synthase. GLP-1 was without any effect in fundic strips, but it induced concentration-dependent relaxation in carbachol-precontracted antral strips. The effect was abolished by TTX or l-NAME. RT-PCR analysis revealed a higher expression of GLP-1R mRNA in antrum than in fundus. These results suggest that exogenous GLP-1 is able to reduce mouse gastric motility by acting peripherally in the antral region, through neural NO release.
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
Rotondo, A., Amato, A., Lentini, L., Baldassano, S., & Mulè, F. (2011). Glucagon-like peptide-1 relaxes gastric antrum through nitric oxide in mice. PEPTIDES, 32(1), 60-64 [10.1016/j.peptides.2010.09.028].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/52347
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