Background: Up to 7% of hospitalised patients acquire at least one healthcare-associated infection (HAI). The aim of the present study was to quantify the burden of HAIs in an Italian hospital, identifying involved risk factors. Methods: Prevalence point study carried out from 2011 to 2018. For each recruited patient, a data entry form was compiled including information on demographics, hospital admission, risk factors, antimicrobial treatment, and infection if present. Results: A total of 2844 patients were included and 218 (7.03%) reported an infection. HAI prevalence rates showed a significant increase (average annual per cent change (AAPC) +33.9%; p=0.018) from 2011 to 2014 whereas from 2014 to 2018 a gradual decline was observed (AAPC –6.15%; p=0.35). Urinary tract infection was the most common HAI (25.2%) and a total of 166 (76.1%) pathogens were isolated from 218 infections. Enterococcus and Klebsiella species were the most prevalent pathogens, causing 15.1% and 14.5% of HAIs, respectively. A significant higher risk of HAIs was found in patients exposed to central catheter (adjusted odds ratio (adj-OR)=5.40), peripheral catheter (adj-OR=1.89), urinary catheter (adj-OR=1.46), National Healthcare Safety Network surgical intervention (adj-OR=1.48), ultimately fatal disease (adj-OR=2.19) or rapidly fatal disease (adj-OR=2.09) and in patients with longer hospital stay (adj-OR=1.01). Conclusion: Intervention programmes based on guidelines dissemination and personnel training can contribute to reduce the impact of HAI. Moreover, McCabe score can be a very powerful and efficient predictor of risk for HAI. Finally, an unexpected very high burden of disease due to Enterobacteriaceae and Gram positive cocci that could be related to the frequent use of carbapenems and third generation cephalosporins in this hospital was found.

Russo Fiorino G., Maniglia M., Marchese V., Aprea L., Torregrossa M.V., Campisi F., et al. (2021). Healthcare-associated infections over an eight year period in a large university hospital in Sicily (Italy, 2011–2018). JOURNAL OF INFECTION PREVENTION [10.1177/17571774211012448].

Healthcare-associated infections over an eight year period in a large university hospital in Sicily (Italy, 2011–2018)

Russo Fiorino G.;Maniglia M.;Aprea L.;Torregrossa M. V.;Favaro D.;Calamusa G.;Amodio E.
2021

Abstract

Background: Up to 7% of hospitalised patients acquire at least one healthcare-associated infection (HAI). The aim of the present study was to quantify the burden of HAIs in an Italian hospital, identifying involved risk factors. Methods: Prevalence point study carried out from 2011 to 2018. For each recruited patient, a data entry form was compiled including information on demographics, hospital admission, risk factors, antimicrobial treatment, and infection if present. Results: A total of 2844 patients were included and 218 (7.03%) reported an infection. HAI prevalence rates showed a significant increase (average annual per cent change (AAPC) +33.9%; p=0.018) from 2011 to 2014 whereas from 2014 to 2018 a gradual decline was observed (AAPC –6.15%; p=0.35). Urinary tract infection was the most common HAI (25.2%) and a total of 166 (76.1%) pathogens were isolated from 218 infections. Enterococcus and Klebsiella species were the most prevalent pathogens, causing 15.1% and 14.5% of HAIs, respectively. A significant higher risk of HAIs was found in patients exposed to central catheter (adjusted odds ratio (adj-OR)=5.40), peripheral catheter (adj-OR=1.89), urinary catheter (adj-OR=1.46), National Healthcare Safety Network surgical intervention (adj-OR=1.48), ultimately fatal disease (adj-OR=2.19) or rapidly fatal disease (adj-OR=2.09) and in patients with longer hospital stay (adj-OR=1.01). Conclusion: Intervention programmes based on guidelines dissemination and personnel training can contribute to reduce the impact of HAI. Moreover, McCabe score can be a very powerful and efficient predictor of risk for HAI. Finally, an unexpected very high burden of disease due to Enterobacteriaceae and Gram positive cocci that could be related to the frequent use of carbapenems and third generation cephalosporins in this hospital was found.
Russo Fiorino G., Maniglia M., Marchese V., Aprea L., Torregrossa M.V., Campisi F., et al. (2021). Healthcare-associated infections over an eight year period in a large university hospital in Sicily (Italy, 2011–2018). JOURNAL OF INFECTION PREVENTION [10.1177/17571774211012448].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/517553
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