Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death among gynecological tumors. Carboplatin/paclitaxel represents the cornerstone of front-line treatment. Instead, there is no consensus for management of recurrent/progressive disease, in which pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) ± carboplatin is widely used. We performed a systematic review and metaanalysis to evaluate impact of PLD-based compared with no-PLD-based regimens in the ovarian cancer treatment. Data were extracted from randomized trials comparing PLD-based treatment to any other regimens in the January 2000-January 2013 time-frame. Study end-points were overall survival (OS), progression free survival (PFS), response rate (RR), CA125 response, and toxicity. Hazard ratios (HRs) of OS and PFS, with 95% CI, odds ratios (ORs) of RR and risk ratios of CA125 response and grade 3-4 toxicity, were extracted. Data were pooled using fixed and random effect models for selected endpoints. Fourteen randomized trials for a total of 5760 patients were selected and included for the final analysis, which showed no OS differences for PLD-based compared with other regimens (pooled HR: 0.94; 95% CI: 0.88-1.02; P = 0.132) and a significant PFS benefit of PLD-based schedule (HR: 0.91; 95% CI: 0.86-0.96; P = 0.001), particularly in second-line (HR: 0.85; 95% CI: 0.75-0.91) and in platinum-sensitive (HR: 0.83; 95% CI: 0.74-0.94) subgroups. This work confirmed the peculiar tolerability profile of this drug, moreover no difference was observed for common hematological toxicities and for RR, CA125 response. PLD-containing regimens do not improve OS when compared with any other schedule in all phases of disease. A marginal PFS advantage is observed only in platinum-sensitive setting and second-line treatment. © 2014 Landes Bioscience.

Staropoli N., Ciliberto D., Botta C., Fiorillo L., Grimaldi A., Lama S., et al. (2014). Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin in the management of ovarian cancer: A systematic review and metaanalysis of randomized trials. CANCER BIOLOGY & THERAPY, 15(6), 707-720 [10.4161/cbt.28557].

Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin in the management of ovarian cancer: A systematic review and metaanalysis of randomized trials

Botta C.;
2014

Abstract

Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death among gynecological tumors. Carboplatin/paclitaxel represents the cornerstone of front-line treatment. Instead, there is no consensus for management of recurrent/progressive disease, in which pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) ± carboplatin is widely used. We performed a systematic review and metaanalysis to evaluate impact of PLD-based compared with no-PLD-based regimens in the ovarian cancer treatment. Data were extracted from randomized trials comparing PLD-based treatment to any other regimens in the January 2000-January 2013 time-frame. Study end-points were overall survival (OS), progression free survival (PFS), response rate (RR), CA125 response, and toxicity. Hazard ratios (HRs) of OS and PFS, with 95% CI, odds ratios (ORs) of RR and risk ratios of CA125 response and grade 3-4 toxicity, were extracted. Data were pooled using fixed and random effect models for selected endpoints. Fourteen randomized trials for a total of 5760 patients were selected and included for the final analysis, which showed no OS differences for PLD-based compared with other regimens (pooled HR: 0.94; 95% CI: 0.88-1.02; P = 0.132) and a significant PFS benefit of PLD-based schedule (HR: 0.91; 95% CI: 0.86-0.96; P = 0.001), particularly in second-line (HR: 0.85; 95% CI: 0.75-0.91) and in platinum-sensitive (HR: 0.83; 95% CI: 0.74-0.94) subgroups. This work confirmed the peculiar tolerability profile of this drug, moreover no difference was observed for common hematological toxicities and for RR, CA125 response. PLD-containing regimens do not improve OS when compared with any other schedule in all phases of disease. A marginal PFS advantage is observed only in platinum-sensitive setting and second-line treatment. © 2014 Landes Bioscience.
Staropoli N., Ciliberto D., Botta C., Fiorillo L., Grimaldi A., Lama S., et al. (2014). Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin in the management of ovarian cancer: A systematic review and metaanalysis of randomized trials. CANCER BIOLOGY & THERAPY, 15(6), 707-720 [10.4161/cbt.28557].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/513049
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