Gamkonora is an active volcano capable of intense manifestations that regularly forced thousands of inhabitants to flee their villages. The most extreme eruption, in 1673, was a VEI 5 event that induced pitch-dark environment over the region. Paradoxically, little is known about Gamkonora volcano and here we present the first gas measurement results obtained in September 2018 using a MultiGAS and a scanning DOAS. Results highlight a relatively small but magmatic gas with a CO2/ST of 3.5, in the range of high-temperature gas emissions from Indonesian volcanoes and H2O/SO2, CO2/SO2, H2S/SO2, and H2/SO2 ratios of 135, 5.6, 0.6, and 0.2, respectively. The daily gas emission budget corresponds to 129 t, 13 t, 3.4 t, 1.1 t, and 0.03 t for H2O, CO2, SO2, H2S, and H2, respectively. Bulk rock analyses indicate a basaltic andesite to andesite source beneath Gamkonora.

Saing U.B., Bani P., Haerani N., Aiuppa A., Primulyana S., Alfianti H., et al. (2020). First characterization of Gamkonora gas emission, North Maluku, East Indonesia. BULLETIN OF VOLCANOLOGY, 82(5) [10.1007/s00445-020-01375-7].

First characterization of Gamkonora gas emission, North Maluku, East Indonesia

Aiuppa A.;
2020

Abstract

Gamkonora is an active volcano capable of intense manifestations that regularly forced thousands of inhabitants to flee their villages. The most extreme eruption, in 1673, was a VEI 5 event that induced pitch-dark environment over the region. Paradoxically, little is known about Gamkonora volcano and here we present the first gas measurement results obtained in September 2018 using a MultiGAS and a scanning DOAS. Results highlight a relatively small but magmatic gas with a CO2/ST of 3.5, in the range of high-temperature gas emissions from Indonesian volcanoes and H2O/SO2, CO2/SO2, H2S/SO2, and H2/SO2 ratios of 135, 5.6, 0.6, and 0.2, respectively. The daily gas emission budget corresponds to 129 t, 13 t, 3.4 t, 1.1 t, and 0.03 t for H2O, CO2, SO2, H2S, and H2, respectively. Bulk rock analyses indicate a basaltic andesite to andesite source beneath Gamkonora.
Saing U.B., Bani P., Haerani N., Aiuppa A., Primulyana S., Alfianti H., et al. (2020). First characterization of Gamkonora gas emission, North Maluku, East Indonesia. BULLETIN OF VOLCANOLOGY, 82(5) [10.1007/s00445-020-01375-7].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/498842
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