Background and aims: HCV eradication improves non-hepatic outcomes such as cardiovascular diseases, although without clearly defined mechanisms. In this study we aimed to assess whether improvement of carotid atherosclerosis may be linked to a reduction in systemic oxidative stress after viral clearance. Methods: We studied a retrospective cohort of 105 patients (age 62.4 ± 11.2 years; 62 men) with F3/F4 fibrosis, characterized by carotid ultrasonography at baseline and at sustained virologic response (SVR) follow-up. Levels of 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (F2-isoprostanes) and other oxidative stress markers were measured on frozen sera. Association between change (denoted as Δ) in oxidative stress markers (exposures) and change in carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) (outcome) was examined using multiple linear regression. Results: Subclinical atherosclerosis, defined as the presence of carotid plaque and/or cIMT ≥ 0.9, was present in 72% of the cohort. All patients achieved SVR that led to reduction in cIMT (0.92 ± 0.20 vs 0.83 ± 0.21 mm, P <.001). HCV eradication markedly decreased serum levels of F2-isoprostanes (620.5 [143.2; 1904.1] vs 119.51 [63.2; 400.6] pg/mL, P <.0001), lipid hydroperoxides (13.8 [6.3; 20.7] vs 4.9 [2.3; 9.6] nmol/μl, P <.0001) and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (558.9 [321.0; 6301.2] vs 294.51 [215.31; 408.95] pg/mL, P <.0001), whereas increased serum GPx activity (10.44 [4.6; 16.3] vs 13.75 [9.42; 20.63] nmol/min/mL, P =.001). By multiple linear regression analysis ΔcIMT was independently associated with ΔF2-isoprostanes (β: 1.746 [0.948; 2.543]; P <.0001) after adjustment for age, baseline F2-isoprostanes and baseline IMT. Conclusions: Besides association of lipid peroxidation with severity of liver disease, the reduction in F2-isoprostanes may be involved in the improvement of atherosclerosis after HCV eradication.

Salomone F., Petta S., Micek A., Pipitone R.M., Distefano A., Castruccio Castracani C., et al. (2020). Hepatitis C virus eradication by direct antiviral agents abates oxidative stress in patients with advanced liver fibrosis. LIVER INTERNATIONAL, 40(11), 2820-2827 [10.1111/liv.14608].

Hepatitis C virus eradication by direct antiviral agents abates oxidative stress in patients with advanced liver fibrosis

Petta S.;Pipitone R. M.;Rini F.;Calvaruso V.;Di Marco V.;Li Volti G.;Grimaudo S.;Craxi A.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background and aims: HCV eradication improves non-hepatic outcomes such as cardiovascular diseases, although without clearly defined mechanisms. In this study we aimed to assess whether improvement of carotid atherosclerosis may be linked to a reduction in systemic oxidative stress after viral clearance. Methods: We studied a retrospective cohort of 105 patients (age 62.4 ± 11.2 years; 62 men) with F3/F4 fibrosis, characterized by carotid ultrasonography at baseline and at sustained virologic response (SVR) follow-up. Levels of 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (F2-isoprostanes) and other oxidative stress markers were measured on frozen sera. Association between change (denoted as Δ) in oxidative stress markers (exposures) and change in carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) (outcome) was examined using multiple linear regression. Results: Subclinical atherosclerosis, defined as the presence of carotid plaque and/or cIMT ≥ 0.9, was present in 72% of the cohort. All patients achieved SVR that led to reduction in cIMT (0.92 ± 0.20 vs 0.83 ± 0.21 mm, P <.001). HCV eradication markedly decreased serum levels of F2-isoprostanes (620.5 [143.2; 1904.1] vs 119.51 [63.2; 400.6] pg/mL, P <.0001), lipid hydroperoxides (13.8 [6.3; 20.7] vs 4.9 [2.3; 9.6] nmol/μl, P <.0001) and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (558.9 [321.0; 6301.2] vs 294.51 [215.31; 408.95] pg/mL, P <.0001), whereas increased serum GPx activity (10.44 [4.6; 16.3] vs 13.75 [9.42; 20.63] nmol/min/mL, P =.001). By multiple linear regression analysis ΔcIMT was independently associated with ΔF2-isoprostanes (β: 1.746 [0.948; 2.543]; P <.0001) after adjustment for age, baseline F2-isoprostanes and baseline IMT. Conclusions: Besides association of lipid peroxidation with severity of liver disease, the reduction in F2-isoprostanes may be involved in the improvement of atherosclerosis after HCV eradication.
Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata
Settore MED/12 - Gastroenterologia
Salomone F., Petta S., Micek A., Pipitone R.M., Distefano A., Castruccio Castracani C., et al. (2020). Hepatitis C virus eradication by direct antiviral agents abates oxidative stress in patients with advanced liver fibrosis. LIVER INTERNATIONAL, 40(11), 2820-2827 [10.1111/liv.14608].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/479083
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