AIM: To retrospectively establish the most frequently encountered diagnoses in patients with pancreatic calcifications and to investigate whether the association of certain findings could be helpful for diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and three patients were included in the study. The location and distribution of calcifications; presence, nature, and enhancement pattern of pancreatic lesions; pancreatic atrophy and ductal dilatation were recorded. Differences between patients with chronic pancreatitis and patients with other entities were compared by using Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: Patients had chronic pancreatitis (n=70), neuroendocrine tumours (n=14), intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (n=11), pancreatic adenocarcinoma (n=4), serous cystadenoma (n=4). Four CT findings had a specificity of over 60% for the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis: parenchymal calcifications, intraductal calcifications, parenchymal atrophy, and cystic lesions. When at least two of these four criteria were used in combination, 54 of 70 (77%) patients with chronic pancreatitis could be identified, but only 17 of 33 (51%) patients with other diseases. When at least three of these four criteria were present, a specificity of 79% for the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis was achieved. CONCLUSION: Certain findings are noted more often in chronic pancreatitis than in other pancreatic diseases. The presence of a combination of CT findings can suggest chronic pancreatitis and be helpful in diagnosis.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Titolo:||Are pancreatic calcifications specific for the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis? A multidetector-row CT analysis.|
|Citazione:||Campisi, A., Brancatelli, G., Vullierme, M., Levy, P., Ruszniewski, P., & Vilgrain, V. (2009). Are pancreatic calcifications specific for the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis? A multidetector-row CT analysis. CLINICAL RADIOLOGY, 64(9), 903-911.|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica Per Immagini E Radioterapia|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.01 Articolo in rivista|