We model sovereign debt sustainability with optimal financing decisions under macroeconomic, financial, and fiscal uncertainty, with endogenous risk and term premia. Using a coherent risk measure we trade-off debt stock and flow risks subject to sustainability constraints. We optimize static and dynamic financing strategies and demonstrate economically significant savings from optimal financing compared with simple rules and consols, and find that optimizing the trade-offs can be critical for sustainability. The model quantifies minimum refinancing risk and maximum rate of debt reduction that a sovereign can achieve given its economic fundamentals, and an extension identifies optimal timing of flow adjustments that allow the sovereign to go beyond these limits. We put the model to the data on a eurozone crisis country, a low-debt country (Netherlands), and a high-debt country (Italy) and document the significance of the stock-flow trade-off for debt sustainability, identify potential improvements of Dutch Treasury practices, and identify unsustainability risks in the 2019 Italian budget. The model informs diverse policy decisions on sustainable public finance and is an essential building block of the European Stability Mechanism methodological framework to assess debt sustainability and repayment capacity of member states, especially in the context of financial assistance.

Stavros A. Zenios, Consiglio Andrea, Marialena Athanasopoulou, Edmund Moshammer, Angel Gavilan, Aitor Erce (2021). Risk Management for Sustainable Sovereign Debt Financing. OPERATIONS RESEARCH, 69(3), 755-773 [10.1287/opre.2020.2055].

Risk Management for Sustainable Sovereign Debt Financing

Consiglio Andrea
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2021-05-01

Abstract

We model sovereign debt sustainability with optimal financing decisions under macroeconomic, financial, and fiscal uncertainty, with endogenous risk and term premia. Using a coherent risk measure we trade-off debt stock and flow risks subject to sustainability constraints. We optimize static and dynamic financing strategies and demonstrate economically significant savings from optimal financing compared with simple rules and consols, and find that optimizing the trade-offs can be critical for sustainability. The model quantifies minimum refinancing risk and maximum rate of debt reduction that a sovereign can achieve given its economic fundamentals, and an extension identifies optimal timing of flow adjustments that allow the sovereign to go beyond these limits. We put the model to the data on a eurozone crisis country, a low-debt country (Netherlands), and a high-debt country (Italy) and document the significance of the stock-flow trade-off for debt sustainability, identify potential improvements of Dutch Treasury practices, and identify unsustainability risks in the 2019 Italian budget. The model informs diverse policy decisions on sustainable public finance and is an essential building block of the European Stability Mechanism methodological framework to assess debt sustainability and repayment capacity of member states, especially in the context of financial assistance.
mag-2021
Settore SECS-S/06 -Metodi Mat. dell'Economia e d. Scienze Attuariali e Finanz.
Stavros A. Zenios, Consiglio Andrea, Marialena Athanasopoulou, Edmund Moshammer, Angel Gavilan, Aitor Erce (2021). Risk Management for Sustainable Sovereign Debt Financing. OPERATIONS RESEARCH, 69(3), 755-773 [10.1287/opre.2020.2055].
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
opre.2020.2055.pdf

Solo gestori archvio

Descrizione: Articolo Principale
Tipologia: Versione Editoriale
Dimensione 1.67 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.67 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/469060
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 11
social impact