Solidification in industrial processes very often involves flow fields, high thermal gradients and high pressures: the development of a model able to describe the polymer behavior becomes complex. Recently a new equipment has been developed and improved to study the crystallization of polymers when quenched under pressure. An experimental apparatus based on a modified, special injection moulding machine has been employed. Polymer samples can be cooled at a known cooling rate up to 100 °C/s and under a constant pressure up to 40 MPa. Density, Micro Hardness (MH), Wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD), and annealing measurements were then used to characterize the obtained sample morphology. Results on one iPP sample display a lower density and a lower density dependence on cooling rate for increasing pressure. Micro hardness confirms the same trend. A deconvolution technique of WAXD patterns is used to evaluate the final phase content of samples and to assess a crystallization kinetics behavior. A master curve approach to explain iPP behavior under pressure and high cooling rates was successfully applied on density results. On the basis of this simple model it is possible to predict the final polymer density by superposition of the effect of cooling rate and the effect of pressure in a wide range of experimental conditions.

La Carrubba V., Brucato V., & Piccarolo S. (2000). Isotactic polypropylene solidification under pressure and high cooling rates. A master curve approach. POLYMER ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE, 40(11), 2430-2441 [10.1002/pen.11375].

Isotactic polypropylene solidification under pressure and high cooling rates. A master curve approach

La Carrubba V.
;
Brucato V.;Piccarolo S.
2000

Abstract

Solidification in industrial processes very often involves flow fields, high thermal gradients and high pressures: the development of a model able to describe the polymer behavior becomes complex. Recently a new equipment has been developed and improved to study the crystallization of polymers when quenched under pressure. An experimental apparatus based on a modified, special injection moulding machine has been employed. Polymer samples can be cooled at a known cooling rate up to 100 °C/s and under a constant pressure up to 40 MPa. Density, Micro Hardness (MH), Wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD), and annealing measurements were then used to characterize the obtained sample morphology. Results on one iPP sample display a lower density and a lower density dependence on cooling rate for increasing pressure. Micro hardness confirms the same trend. A deconvolution technique of WAXD patterns is used to evaluate the final phase content of samples and to assess a crystallization kinetics behavior. A master curve approach to explain iPP behavior under pressure and high cooling rates was successfully applied on density results. On the basis of this simple model it is possible to predict the final polymer density by superposition of the effect of cooling rate and the effect of pressure in a wide range of experimental conditions.
Settore ING-IND/24 - Principi Di Ingegneria Chimica
La Carrubba V., Brucato V., & Piccarolo S. (2000). Isotactic polypropylene solidification under pressure and high cooling rates. A master curve approach. POLYMER ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE, 40(11), 2430-2441 [10.1002/pen.11375].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/464169
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