Aim To assess the prevalence of sarcopenia and associated factors in a population of older people living in a rural area of the Peruvian Andes. Materials and methods The study concerned 222 people aged ≥65 years. Sarcopenia was diagnosed on the basis of skeletal muscle mass, measured using bioimpedance analysis, and gait speed, measured with the 4-m walking test, as recommended by the International Working Group on sarcopenia. Self-reported physical activity, the Short Physical Performance Battery, and the Six-Minute Walking Test also contributed information on participants’ physical performance status. Disabilities were investigated by assessing participants’ self-reported difficulties in performing one or more basic or instrumental activities of daily living. Results The prevalence of sarcopenia was 17.6%. Compared with participants without sarcopenia, individuals who were found sarcopenic were significantly older, female and were less frequently farmers, had fewer children, had a worse nutritional status, a significantly lower physical performance, and higher levels of disability in the instrumental activities of daily living. After adjusting for potential confounders, age, female sex, a low body mass index, a self-reported low physical activity level, a worse Six-Minute Walking Test scores, and a low number of children were significantly associated with sarcopenia. Conclusion The prevalence of sarcopenia seems to be quite high among community-dwelling older subjects in the Peruvian Andes. Age, female sex, a low body mass index, little physical activity, a poor Six-Minute Walking Test scores, and a low number of children could be associated with this condition. © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd

Tramontano, A., Veronese, N., Sergi, G., Manzato, E., Rodriguez-Hurtado, D., Maggi, S., et al. (2017). Prevalence of sarcopenia and associated factors in the healthy older adults of the Peruvian Andes. ARCHIVES OF GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS, 68, 49-54 [10.1016/j.archger.2016.09.002].

Prevalence of sarcopenia and associated factors in the healthy older adults of the Peruvian Andes

Veronese, N.
;
2017

Abstract

Aim To assess the prevalence of sarcopenia and associated factors in a population of older people living in a rural area of the Peruvian Andes. Materials and methods The study concerned 222 people aged ≥65 years. Sarcopenia was diagnosed on the basis of skeletal muscle mass, measured using bioimpedance analysis, and gait speed, measured with the 4-m walking test, as recommended by the International Working Group on sarcopenia. Self-reported physical activity, the Short Physical Performance Battery, and the Six-Minute Walking Test also contributed information on participants’ physical performance status. Disabilities were investigated by assessing participants’ self-reported difficulties in performing one or more basic or instrumental activities of daily living. Results The prevalence of sarcopenia was 17.6%. Compared with participants without sarcopenia, individuals who were found sarcopenic were significantly older, female and were less frequently farmers, had fewer children, had a worse nutritional status, a significantly lower physical performance, and higher levels of disability in the instrumental activities of daily living. After adjusting for potential confounders, age, female sex, a low body mass index, a self-reported low physical activity level, a worse Six-Minute Walking Test scores, and a low number of children were significantly associated with sarcopenia. Conclusion The prevalence of sarcopenia seems to be quite high among community-dwelling older subjects in the Peruvian Andes. Age, female sex, a low body mass index, little physical activity, a poor Six-Minute Walking Test scores, and a low number of children could be associated with this condition. © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd
Tramontano, A., Veronese, N., Sergi, G., Manzato, E., Rodriguez-Hurtado, D., Maggi, S., et al. (2017). Prevalence of sarcopenia and associated factors in the healthy older adults of the Peruvian Andes. ARCHIVES OF GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS, 68, 49-54 [10.1016/j.archger.2016.09.002].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/463262
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