Background: This paper aims to examine associations between pet ownership and symptoms of depression in a large, population-based sample of older adults. Specifically, we tested whether: (i) people who report more depressive symptoms are more likely to own a pet; (ii) pet ownership protects against an increase in depressive symptoms over time; (iii) associations differ by symptom type. Methods: Data were drawn from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, a longitudinal panel study of men and women aged 50 and older (n = 7,617, 52.5% female). Pet ownership (dog/cat/other/none) was self-reported in 2010/11. Depressive symptoms were assessed in 2010/11 and 2016/17 using the 8-item centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale. We analysed total CES-D score and derived symptom subscales (depressed mood, anhedonia, somatic symptoms) in relation to pet ownership, adjusting for sociodemographic and health-related covariates. Results: A one-symptom increase in total CES-D score was associated with 7% increased odds of dog ownership (OR=1.07, 95% CI 1.03–1.11). Significant associations were observed between each subset of depressive symptoms and dog ownership, with models run on z-scores showing a slightly stronger association for symptoms of depressed mood (OR=1.13, 95% CI 1.06–1.21) compared with anhedonia (OR=1.10, 95% CI 1.04–1.17) or somatic symptoms (OR=1.10, 95% CI 1.03–1.18). Prospectively, no significant associations were found. Limitations: Self-reported data; small sample size for some pet categories. Conclusion: Amongst older adults in England, those with more depressive symptoms are more likely to own a dog, but pet ownership is not significantly associated with change in depressive symptoms over time. © 2019 Elsevier B.V.

Sharpley, C., Veronese, N., Smith, L., López-Sánchez, G., Bitsika, V., Demurtas, J., et al. (2020). Pet ownership and symptoms of depression: A prospective study of older adults. JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS, 264, 35-39 [10.1016/j.jad.2019.11.134].

Pet ownership and symptoms of depression: A prospective study of older adults

Veronese, N.;
2020

Abstract

Background: This paper aims to examine associations between pet ownership and symptoms of depression in a large, population-based sample of older adults. Specifically, we tested whether: (i) people who report more depressive symptoms are more likely to own a pet; (ii) pet ownership protects against an increase in depressive symptoms over time; (iii) associations differ by symptom type. Methods: Data were drawn from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, a longitudinal panel study of men and women aged 50 and older (n = 7,617, 52.5% female). Pet ownership (dog/cat/other/none) was self-reported in 2010/11. Depressive symptoms were assessed in 2010/11 and 2016/17 using the 8-item centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale. We analysed total CES-D score and derived symptom subscales (depressed mood, anhedonia, somatic symptoms) in relation to pet ownership, adjusting for sociodemographic and health-related covariates. Results: A one-symptom increase in total CES-D score was associated with 7% increased odds of dog ownership (OR=1.07, 95% CI 1.03–1.11). Significant associations were observed between each subset of depressive symptoms and dog ownership, with models run on z-scores showing a slightly stronger association for symptoms of depressed mood (OR=1.13, 95% CI 1.06–1.21) compared with anhedonia (OR=1.10, 95% CI 1.04–1.17) or somatic symptoms (OR=1.10, 95% CI 1.03–1.18). Prospectively, no significant associations were found. Limitations: Self-reported data; small sample size for some pet categories. Conclusion: Amongst older adults in England, those with more depressive symptoms are more likely to own a dog, but pet ownership is not significantly associated with change in depressive symptoms over time. © 2019 Elsevier B.V.
Sharpley, C., Veronese, N., Smith, L., López-Sánchez, G., Bitsika, V., Demurtas, J., et al. (2020). Pet ownership and symptoms of depression: A prospective study of older adults. JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS, 264, 35-39 [10.1016/j.jad.2019.11.134].
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S0165032719322694-main.pdf

Solo gestori archvio

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale
Dimensione 222.14 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
222.14 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/460481
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 11
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 8
social impact