In this paper we demonstrate that the synthetic cannabinoid WIN sensitizes human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells to apoptosis mediated by TNF-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL). The apoptotic mechanism induced by treatment with WIN/TRAIL combination involved the loss of the mitochondrial transmembrane potential and led to the activation of caspases. In HCC cells WIN treatment induced up-regulation of TRAIL death receptor DR5, an effect which seemed to be related to the increase in the level of p8 and CHOP, two factors implicated in cellular stress response and apoptosis. This relationship was suggested by the observation that the down-regulation of p8 or CHOP by specific siRNAs attenuated both WIN-mediated DR5 up-regulation and the cytotoxicity induced by WIN/TRAIL cotreatment. Moreover, WIN induced a significant decrease in the levels of some survival factors (survivin, c-IAP2 and Bcl-2) and in particular in that of the active phosphorylated form of AKT. This event seemed to be dependent on the transcription factor PPARgamma whose level significantly increased after WIN treatment. Therefore, both the induction of DR5 via p8 and CHOP and the down-regulation of survival factors seem to be crucial for the marked synergistic effects induced by the two drugs in HCC cells. Taken together, the results reported in this paper indicate that WIN/TRAIL combination could represent a novel important tool for the therapy of HCC.

Pellerito, O., Calvaruso, G., Portanova, P., De Blasio, A., Santulli, A., Vento, R., et al. (2010). The synthetic cannabinoid WIN sensitizes hepatocellular carcinoma cells to TRAIL-induced apoptosis by activating p8/CHOP/DR5 axis. MOLECULAR PHARMACOLOGY, 2010(77), 854-863 [DOI: 10.1124/mol.109.062257].

The synthetic cannabinoid WIN sensitizes hepatocellular carcinoma cells to TRAIL-induced apoptosis by activating p8/CHOP/DR5 axis.

CALVARUSO, Giuseppe;DE BLASIO, Anna;SANTULLI, Andrea;VENTO, Renza;TESORIERE, Giovanni;GIULIANO, Michela
2010

Abstract

In this paper we demonstrate that the synthetic cannabinoid WIN sensitizes human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells to apoptosis mediated by TNF-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL). The apoptotic mechanism induced by treatment with WIN/TRAIL combination involved the loss of the mitochondrial transmembrane potential and led to the activation of caspases. In HCC cells WIN treatment induced up-regulation of TRAIL death receptor DR5, an effect which seemed to be related to the increase in the level of p8 and CHOP, two factors implicated in cellular stress response and apoptosis. This relationship was suggested by the observation that the down-regulation of p8 or CHOP by specific siRNAs attenuated both WIN-mediated DR5 up-regulation and the cytotoxicity induced by WIN/TRAIL cotreatment. Moreover, WIN induced a significant decrease in the levels of some survival factors (survivin, c-IAP2 and Bcl-2) and in particular in that of the active phosphorylated form of AKT. This event seemed to be dependent on the transcription factor PPARgamma whose level significantly increased after WIN treatment. Therefore, both the induction of DR5 via p8 and CHOP and the down-regulation of survival factors seem to be crucial for the marked synergistic effects induced by the two drugs in HCC cells. Taken together, the results reported in this paper indicate that WIN/TRAIL combination could represent a novel important tool for the therapy of HCC.
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
Pellerito, O., Calvaruso, G., Portanova, P., De Blasio, A., Santulli, A., Vento, R., et al. (2010). The synthetic cannabinoid WIN sensitizes hepatocellular carcinoma cells to TRAIL-induced apoptosis by activating p8/CHOP/DR5 axis. MOLECULAR PHARMACOLOGY, 2010(77), 854-863 [DOI: 10.1124/mol.109.062257].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/45952
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