Introduction: Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are common sexually transmitted pathogens, causally associated with cervical cancer and other anogenital cancers, as well as approximately 20% of head and neck cancers. The HPV vaccine is an exceptional primary prevention tool, but the question of adequate secondary-prevention strategies remains open. The aim of this review is to better clarify the role of carrageenan in HPV prevention-strategies. Areas covered: A comprehensive literature search was performed (PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Google Scholar, Cochrane Databases) to identify articles on the use of carrageenan against HPV infection. The studies were identified using combinations of the search terms ‘carrageenan,’ ‘papillomavirus,’ ‘HPV,’ including only English language papers. Expert opinion: Our review data confirmed the ‘inhibitory role’ of carrageenan against HPV- pseudoviruses infection on different cell types. The most accredited mechanism to explain this effect involves the direct binding of CG to the viral capsid creating a ‘physical’ obstacle. However, a different susceptibility to carrageenan for different HPV types has been highlighted, suggesting the possibility of other strategies to infect the host. There are also relevant emerging data regarding the possible role of carrageenan as an adjuvant for antigen-specific immune responses and antitumor effects.

CALAGNA G., mARANTO m., pAOLA c., cAPRA g., pERINO a., CHIANTERA v., et al. (2020). ‘Secondary prevention’ against female HPV infection: literature review of the role of carrageenan. EXPERT REVIEW OF ANTI-INFECTIVE THERAPY, 18(9), 865-874 [10.1080/14787210.2020.1770082].

‘Secondary prevention’ against female HPV infection: literature review of the role of carrageenan

CALAGNA G.
;
mARANTO m.;cAPRA g.;pERINO a.;CHIANTERA v.;cUCINELLA g.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are common sexually transmitted pathogens, causally associated with cervical cancer and other anogenital cancers, as well as approximately 20% of head and neck cancers. The HPV vaccine is an exceptional primary prevention tool, but the question of adequate secondary-prevention strategies remains open. The aim of this review is to better clarify the role of carrageenan in HPV prevention-strategies. Areas covered: A comprehensive literature search was performed (PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Google Scholar, Cochrane Databases) to identify articles on the use of carrageenan against HPV infection. The studies were identified using combinations of the search terms ‘carrageenan,’ ‘papillomavirus,’ ‘HPV,’ including only English language papers. Expert opinion: Our review data confirmed the ‘inhibitory role’ of carrageenan against HPV- pseudoviruses infection on different cell types. The most accredited mechanism to explain this effect involves the direct binding of CG to the viral capsid creating a ‘physical’ obstacle. However, a different susceptibility to carrageenan for different HPV types has been highlighted, suggesting the possibility of other strategies to infect the host. There are also relevant emerging data regarding the possible role of carrageenan as an adjuvant for antigen-specific immune responses and antitumor effects.
Settore MED/40 - Ginecologia E Ostetricia
Settore MED/07 - Microbiologia E Microbiologia Clinica
CALAGNA G., mARANTO m., pAOLA c., cAPRA g., pERINO a., CHIANTERA v., et al. (2020). ‘Secondary prevention’ against female HPV infection: literature review of the role of carrageenan. EXPERT REVIEW OF ANTI-INFECTIVE THERAPY, 18(9), 865-874 [10.1080/14787210.2020.1770082].
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
32. Expert Review of anti-infective therapy.pdf

Solo gestori archvio

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale
Dimensione 1.51 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.51 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/459207
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact