Since the end of 2019, the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 has caused more than 1000000 deaths all over the world and still lacks a medical treatment despite the attention of the whole scientific community. Human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) was recently recognized as the transmembrane protein that serves as the point of entry of SARS-CoV-2 into cells, thus constituting the first biomolecular event leading to COVID-19 disease. Here, by means of a state-of-the-art computational approach, we propose a rational evaluation of the molecular mechanisms behind the formation of the protein complex. Moreover, the free energy of binding between ACE2 and the active receptor binding domain of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein is evaluated quantitatively, providing for the first time the thermodynamics of virus-receptor recognition. Furthermore, the action of different ACE2 ligands is also examined in particular in their capacity to disrupt SARS-CoV-2 recognition, also providing via a free energy profile the quantification of the ligand-induced decreased affinity. These results improve our knowledge on molecular grounds of the SARS-CoV-2 infection and allow us to suggest rationales that could be useful for the subsequent wise molecular design for the treatment of COVID-19 cases.

Garcia-Iriepa C., Hognon C., Frances-Monerris A., Iriepa I., Miclot T., Barone G., et al. (2020). Thermodynamics of the Interaction between the Spike Protein of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 and the Receptor of Human Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2. Effects of Possible Ligands. THE JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS, 11(21), 9272-9281 [10.1021/acs.jpclett.0c02203].

Thermodynamics of the Interaction between the Spike Protein of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 and the Receptor of Human Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2. Effects of Possible Ligands

Miclot T.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Barone G.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2020

Abstract

Since the end of 2019, the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 has caused more than 1000000 deaths all over the world and still lacks a medical treatment despite the attention of the whole scientific community. Human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) was recently recognized as the transmembrane protein that serves as the point of entry of SARS-CoV-2 into cells, thus constituting the first biomolecular event leading to COVID-19 disease. Here, by means of a state-of-the-art computational approach, we propose a rational evaluation of the molecular mechanisms behind the formation of the protein complex. Moreover, the free energy of binding between ACE2 and the active receptor binding domain of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein is evaluated quantitatively, providing for the first time the thermodynamics of virus-receptor recognition. Furthermore, the action of different ACE2 ligands is also examined in particular in their capacity to disrupt SARS-CoV-2 recognition, also providing via a free energy profile the quantification of the ligand-induced decreased affinity. These results improve our knowledge on molecular grounds of the SARS-CoV-2 infection and allow us to suggest rationales that could be useful for the subsequent wise molecular design for the treatment of COVID-19 cases.
Settore CHIM/03 - Chimica Generale E Inorganica
Garcia-Iriepa C., Hognon C., Frances-Monerris A., Iriepa I., Miclot T., Barone G., et al. (2020). Thermodynamics of the Interaction between the Spike Protein of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 and the Receptor of Human Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2. Effects of Possible Ligands. THE JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS, 11(21), 9272-9281 [10.1021/acs.jpclett.0c02203].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/457855
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