Intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) play a pivotal role in maintaining intestinal homeostasis. Dierent noxious agents, among them also anticancer therapies, can impair intestinal epithelial integrity triggering inflammation and oxidative stress. A frequent complication of chemotherapy is gastrointestinal mucositis, strongly influencing the eectiveness of therapy, increasing healthcare costs, and impairing patients’ quality of life. Dierent strategies are used to treat gastrointestinal mucositis, including products from natural sources. Our study focused on the eect of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) juice extract on IEC-6 cells, both during inflammatory conditions and following treatment with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). The polyphenolic profile of pomegranate juice was characterized in detail by Online Comprehensive two dimensional Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. The evaluation of pomegranate juice extract in IEC-6 indicates a significant inhibition in proinflammatory factors, such as cytokines release, cyclooxygenase-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase expression, and nitrotyrosine formation. Pomegranate also inhibited oxidative stress and adhesion protein expression. In 5-FU-treated IEC-6, pomegranate also inhibited both inflammatory and oxidative stress parameters and apoptosis. It promoted wound repair and tight junction expression. These results suggest a potential use of pomegranate as an adjuvant in the treatment of intestinal inflammatory and oxidative stress states, which also occur during chemotherapy-induced mucositis.

Giacomo Pepe, Shara Francesca Rapa, Emanuela Salviati, Alessia Bertamino, Giulia Auriemma, Stella Cascioferro, et al. (2020). Bioactive Polyphenols from Pomegranate Juice Reduce 5-Fluorouracil-Induced Intestinal Mucositis in Intestinal Epithelial Cells. ANTIOXIDANTS, 9(8) [10.3390/antiox9080699].

Bioactive Polyphenols from Pomegranate Juice Reduce 5-Fluorouracil-Induced Intestinal Mucositis in Intestinal Epithelial Cells

Stella Cascioferro;
2020

Abstract

Intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) play a pivotal role in maintaining intestinal homeostasis. Dierent noxious agents, among them also anticancer therapies, can impair intestinal epithelial integrity triggering inflammation and oxidative stress. A frequent complication of chemotherapy is gastrointestinal mucositis, strongly influencing the eectiveness of therapy, increasing healthcare costs, and impairing patients’ quality of life. Dierent strategies are used to treat gastrointestinal mucositis, including products from natural sources. Our study focused on the eect of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) juice extract on IEC-6 cells, both during inflammatory conditions and following treatment with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). The polyphenolic profile of pomegranate juice was characterized in detail by Online Comprehensive two dimensional Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. The evaluation of pomegranate juice extract in IEC-6 indicates a significant inhibition in proinflammatory factors, such as cytokines release, cyclooxygenase-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase expression, and nitrotyrosine formation. Pomegranate also inhibited oxidative stress and adhesion protein expression. In 5-FU-treated IEC-6, pomegranate also inhibited both inflammatory and oxidative stress parameters and apoptosis. It promoted wound repair and tight junction expression. These results suggest a potential use of pomegranate as an adjuvant in the treatment of intestinal inflammatory and oxidative stress states, which also occur during chemotherapy-induced mucositis.
https://www.scopus.com/sourceid/21100790818?origin=recordpage
Giacomo Pepe, Shara Francesca Rapa, Emanuela Salviati, Alessia Bertamino, Giulia Auriemma, Stella Cascioferro, et al. (2020). Bioactive Polyphenols from Pomegranate Juice Reduce 5-Fluorouracil-Induced Intestinal Mucositis in Intestinal Epithelial Cells. ANTIOXIDANTS, 9(8) [10.3390/antiox9080699].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/454874
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