Debranning was applied to durum wheat to the study the relationship between kernel shape and size, and ash and mineral distribution having implications for semolina yield. To this aim four durum wheat genotypes carried out over three environments were selected to determine the morphological and yield traits as well as the distribution along the kernel of the ash, macro- (Na, K, P, Ca, and Mg), and micro-elements (Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, and Mo). A descendent ash gradient within the kernel reflects the decreases in the minerals that occurred during debranning. Perciasacchi with high seed weight (TKW) and greater thickness followed by Cappelli showed a more uniform distribution of ash content along the kernels. High r Pearson coefficient (p < 0.01) showed an inverse relationship between thickness and ash decay. Since thickness was strongly affected by the genotype, it could represent a useful trait for breeding programs to predict the milling quality.

Ficco D.B.M., Beleggia R., Pecorella I., Giovanniello V., Frenda A.S., De Vita P. (2020). Relationship between seed morphological traits and ash and mineral distribution along the kernel using debranning in durum wheats from different geographic sites. FOODS, 9(11), 1-13 [10.3390/foods9111523].

Relationship between seed morphological traits and ash and mineral distribution along the kernel using debranning in durum wheats from different geographic sites

Frenda A. S.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Debranning was applied to durum wheat to the study the relationship between kernel shape and size, and ash and mineral distribution having implications for semolina yield. To this aim four durum wheat genotypes carried out over three environments were selected to determine the morphological and yield traits as well as the distribution along the kernel of the ash, macro- (Na, K, P, Ca, and Mg), and micro-elements (Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, and Mo). A descendent ash gradient within the kernel reflects the decreases in the minerals that occurred during debranning. Perciasacchi with high seed weight (TKW) and greater thickness followed by Cappelli showed a more uniform distribution of ash content along the kernels. High r Pearson coefficient (p < 0.01) showed an inverse relationship between thickness and ash decay. Since thickness was strongly affected by the genotype, it could represent a useful trait for breeding programs to predict the milling quality.
Settore AGR/02 - Agronomia E Coltivazioni Erbacee
Ficco D.B.M., Beleggia R., Pecorella I., Giovanniello V., Frenda A.S., De Vita P. (2020). Relationship between seed morphological traits and ash and mineral distribution along the kernel using debranning in durum wheats from different geographic sites. FOODS, 9(11), 1-13 [10.3390/foods9111523].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/442529
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