Betalains are considered to be bioactive dietary phytochemicals. The stability of betacyanins and betaxanthins from either fresh foods or manufactured products of cactus pear fruit (Opuntia ficus indica L. Mill. cv. Gialla and Rossa) and red beet (Beta vulgaris L. ssp. vulgaris) was assessed in a simulated oral, gastric, and small intestinal digestion and compared with the digestive stability of purified pigments. A minor loss of indicaxanthin, at the gastric-like environment only, and a decrease of vulgaxanthin I through all digestion steps were observed, which was not affected by food matrix. In contrast, food matrix prevented decay of betanin and isobetanin at the gastric-like environment. Loss of betacyanins, either purified or food-derived, was observed during the small intestinal phase of digestion. Betalamic acid accumulated after digestive degradation of purified pigments, but not of food betalains. Betaxanthins were wholly soluble in the aqueous (bioaccessible) fraction after ultracentrifugation of the postintestinal (PI) digesta, whereas release of betacyanins from the matrix was incomplete. PI digesta inhibited dose-dependently the oxidation of methyl linoleate in methanol, an effect not correlated with the betalain content. The data suggest that digestive stability controls bioaccessibility of dietary betaxanthins, whereas additional factors, relevant to the food matrix and style of processing, affect betacyanin bioaccessibility.

TESORIERE, L., FAZZARI, M., ANGILERI, F., GENTILE, C., & LIVREA, M.A. (2008). In Vitro Digestion of Betalainic Foods. Stability and Bioaccessibility of Betaxanthins and Betacyanins and Antioxidative Potential of Food Digesta. JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY, 56, 10487-10492 [10.1021/jf8017172].

In Vitro Digestion of Betalainic Foods. Stability and Bioaccessibility of Betaxanthins and Betacyanins and Antioxidative Potential of Food Digesta.

TESORIERE, Luisa;FAZZARI, Marco;ANGILERI, Francesca;GENTILE, Carla;LIVREA, Maria Antonia
2008

Abstract

Betalains are considered to be bioactive dietary phytochemicals. The stability of betacyanins and betaxanthins from either fresh foods or manufactured products of cactus pear fruit (Opuntia ficus indica L. Mill. cv. Gialla and Rossa) and red beet (Beta vulgaris L. ssp. vulgaris) was assessed in a simulated oral, gastric, and small intestinal digestion and compared with the digestive stability of purified pigments. A minor loss of indicaxanthin, at the gastric-like environment only, and a decrease of vulgaxanthin I through all digestion steps were observed, which was not affected by food matrix. In contrast, food matrix prevented decay of betanin and isobetanin at the gastric-like environment. Loss of betacyanins, either purified or food-derived, was observed during the small intestinal phase of digestion. Betalamic acid accumulated after digestive degradation of purified pigments, but not of food betalains. Betaxanthins were wholly soluble in the aqueous (bioaccessible) fraction after ultracentrifugation of the postintestinal (PI) digesta, whereas release of betacyanins from the matrix was incomplete. PI digesta inhibited dose-dependently the oxidation of methyl linoleate in methanol, an effect not correlated with the betalain content. The data suggest that digestive stability controls bioaccessibility of dietary betaxanthins, whereas additional factors, relevant to the food matrix and style of processing, affect betacyanin bioaccessibility.
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
TESORIERE, L., FAZZARI, M., ANGILERI, F., GENTILE, C., & LIVREA, M.A. (2008). In Vitro Digestion of Betalainic Foods. Stability and Bioaccessibility of Betaxanthins and Betacyanins and Antioxidative Potential of Food Digesta. JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY, 56, 10487-10492 [10.1021/jf8017172].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/43944
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