Chylomicron retention disease is a recessive inherited disorder characterized by fat malabsorption and steatorrhea and is associated with failure to thrive in infancy. We describe a kindred carrying a mutation of Sara2 gene causing a chylomicron retention phenotype. The proband was a 5-month-old baby, born of consanguineous, apparently healthy parents from Morocco, with failure to thrive. There was a large quantity of fats in feces and malabsorption of fat-soluble vitamins. Intestinal biopsies showed a diffused enterocyte vacuolization with large cytosolic lipid droplets. Chylomicron retention disease or Anderson disease was hypothesized, and the Sara2 gene was analyzed by direct sequencing. Analysis of the Sara2 gene in the proband identified a 2-nucleotide homozygous deletion in exon 3 leading to a premature stop codon (c.75-76 del TG-L28fsX34). The father was heterozygous for the same mutation, whereas the proband's mother was homozygous, suggesting a variable phenotypic expression of the molecular defect. More studies are needed to understand the reasons of the phenotypic variability of the same molecular defect in the same family.

Cefalù, A.B., Calvo, P.L., Noto, D., Baldi, M., Valenti, V., Lerro, P., et al. (2010). Variable phenotypic expression of chylomicron retention disease in a kindred carrying a mutation of the Sara2 gene. METABOLISM, CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 59(4), 463-467 [10.1016/j.metabol.2009.07.042].

Variable phenotypic expression of chylomicron retention disease in a kindred carrying a mutation of the Sara2 gene

CEFALU', Angelo Baldassare;NOTO, Davide;TRAMUTO, Fabio;AVERNA, Maurizio
2010

Abstract

Chylomicron retention disease is a recessive inherited disorder characterized by fat malabsorption and steatorrhea and is associated with failure to thrive in infancy. We describe a kindred carrying a mutation of Sara2 gene causing a chylomicron retention phenotype. The proband was a 5-month-old baby, born of consanguineous, apparently healthy parents from Morocco, with failure to thrive. There was a large quantity of fats in feces and malabsorption of fat-soluble vitamins. Intestinal biopsies showed a diffused enterocyte vacuolization with large cytosolic lipid droplets. Chylomicron retention disease or Anderson disease was hypothesized, and the Sara2 gene was analyzed by direct sequencing. Analysis of the Sara2 gene in the proband identified a 2-nucleotide homozygous deletion in exon 3 leading to a premature stop codon (c.75-76 del TG-L28fsX34). The father was heterozygous for the same mutation, whereas the proband's mother was homozygous, suggesting a variable phenotypic expression of the molecular defect. More studies are needed to understand the reasons of the phenotypic variability of the same molecular defect in the same family.
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
Settore MED/42 - Igiene Generale E Applicata
Cefalù, A.B., Calvo, P.L., Noto, D., Baldi, M., Valenti, V., Lerro, P., et al. (2010). Variable phenotypic expression of chylomicron retention disease in a kindred carrying a mutation of the Sara2 gene. METABOLISM, CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, 59(4), 463-467 [10.1016/j.metabol.2009.07.042].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/42995
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