Albino Grifola frondosa (Dicks.) Gray “maitake” mushrooms (described as G. albicans Imazeki and then placed in synonymy with G. frondosa) are particularly rare, and the few pertinent records are not treated in scientific publications. A field investigation carried out in Sicily (Italy) led to the collection of an unusual white Grifola specimen at the base of a living tree of Quercus pubescens Willd. s.l. The outcome of sequencing the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of nuclear ribosomal DNA (nrDNA) indicated that it belongs to G. frondosa and provided an insight to the phylogenetic relationships within the genus. The results of nutritional composition analysis showed that the albino basidioma possesses relatively high contents of Ca, Fe, K, and Cu and is rather low in Na when compared with literature data on edible mushrooms. Vitamin (B1, B2, B3, B5, B9, and D2) contents ranged from 0.15 to 3.89 mg per 100 g of mushroom dry weight. The cold-water extract of this specimen was effctive at inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus epidermidis ATCC 12228 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 15442 at the maximum screening concentration of 50% v/v. In addition, the extract slowed down the ability of Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 43300 to form biofilms. According to data hereby reported, the albino G. frondosa is a culinary-medicinal mushroom with a promising exploitation potential.

Gargano ML, Zervakis GI, Isikhuemhen OS, Venturella G, Calvo R, Giammanco A, et al. (2020). Ecology, phylogeny, and potential nutritional and medicinal value of a rare white “maitake” collected in a mediterranean forest. DIVERSITY, 12(6), 1-12 [10.3390/d12060230].

Ecology, phylogeny, and potential nutritional and medicinal value of a rare white “maitake” collected in a mediterranean forest

Venturella G
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Calvo R
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Giammanco A
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Fasciana T
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Ferraro V
Membro del Collaboration Group
2020

Abstract

Albino Grifola frondosa (Dicks.) Gray “maitake” mushrooms (described as G. albicans Imazeki and then placed in synonymy with G. frondosa) are particularly rare, and the few pertinent records are not treated in scientific publications. A field investigation carried out in Sicily (Italy) led to the collection of an unusual white Grifola specimen at the base of a living tree of Quercus pubescens Willd. s.l. The outcome of sequencing the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of nuclear ribosomal DNA (nrDNA) indicated that it belongs to G. frondosa and provided an insight to the phylogenetic relationships within the genus. The results of nutritional composition analysis showed that the albino basidioma possesses relatively high contents of Ca, Fe, K, and Cu and is rather low in Na when compared with literature data on edible mushrooms. Vitamin (B1, B2, B3, B5, B9, and D2) contents ranged from 0.15 to 3.89 mg per 100 g of mushroom dry weight. The cold-water extract of this specimen was effctive at inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus epidermidis ATCC 12228 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 15442 at the maximum screening concentration of 50% v/v. In addition, the extract slowed down the ability of Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 43300 to form biofilms. According to data hereby reported, the albino G. frondosa is a culinary-medicinal mushroom with a promising exploitation potential.
Settore BIO/03 - Botanica Ambientale E Applicata
Settore BIO/02 - Botanica Sistematica
Gargano ML, Zervakis GI, Isikhuemhen OS, Venturella G, Calvo R, Giammanco A, et al. (2020). Ecology, phylogeny, and potential nutritional and medicinal value of a rare white “maitake” collected in a mediterranean forest. DIVERSITY, 12(6), 1-12 [10.3390/d12060230].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/428883
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