Multiple-chillers systems represent viable solutions for medium/large-scale air conditioning applications characterized by variable cooling demand. The energy efficiency of such systems is influenced by the number of chillers, the combination of cooling capacities, and the load-sharing among the units. Large efforts have been devoted to developing efficient operation strategies for these systems, but rules of thumb are usually adopted for selecting cooling capacities thus leaving room for energy and economic savings. In this paper, exergoeconomic analysis is proposed as a promising method to identify near-optimal design and operation strategies, due to the capability of exergoeconomic indicators to account simultaneously for capital and operating costs. The potential of the method is illustrated for a hydronic system supplying an air-handling unit installed in an office building. Design alternatives are compared, with chillers of equal or different capacities operated in a parallel or series configuration, and the cost-effectiveness of different load sharing strategies is also investigated. A thermoeconomic model for multiple-chillers systems is formulated, considering the actual performance of chillers under full- and part-load conditions derived by a plant simulator. Results show that the exergoeconomic cost of chilled water reduced by about 7% and 30% when passing from evenly to unevenly sized systems in both series and parallel configurations. It is also found that the symmetric load sharing strategy leads to a 14–18% reduction in the cost of chiller water compared to the sequential one. The study confirms that this method may represent systematic and thermodynamically-sound support for engineers in this field.

Catrini P, Piacentino A, Cardona F, & Ciulla G (2020). Exergoeconomic analysis as support in decision-making for the design and operation of multiple chiller systems in air conditioning applications. ENERGY CONVERSION AND MANAGEMENT, 220 [10.1016/j.enconman.2020.113051].

Exergoeconomic analysis as support in decision-making for the design and operation of multiple chiller systems in air conditioning applications

Catrini P
;
Piacentino A;Cardona F;Ciulla G
2020

Abstract

Multiple-chillers systems represent viable solutions for medium/large-scale air conditioning applications characterized by variable cooling demand. The energy efficiency of such systems is influenced by the number of chillers, the combination of cooling capacities, and the load-sharing among the units. Large efforts have been devoted to developing efficient operation strategies for these systems, but rules of thumb are usually adopted for selecting cooling capacities thus leaving room for energy and economic savings. In this paper, exergoeconomic analysis is proposed as a promising method to identify near-optimal design and operation strategies, due to the capability of exergoeconomic indicators to account simultaneously for capital and operating costs. The potential of the method is illustrated for a hydronic system supplying an air-handling unit installed in an office building. Design alternatives are compared, with chillers of equal or different capacities operated in a parallel or series configuration, and the cost-effectiveness of different load sharing strategies is also investigated. A thermoeconomic model for multiple-chillers systems is formulated, considering the actual performance of chillers under full- and part-load conditions derived by a plant simulator. Results show that the exergoeconomic cost of chilled water reduced by about 7% and 30% when passing from evenly to unevenly sized systems in both series and parallel configurations. It is also found that the symmetric load sharing strategy leads to a 14–18% reduction in the cost of chiller water compared to the sequential one. The study confirms that this method may represent systematic and thermodynamically-sound support for engineers in this field.
Settore ING-IND/10 - Fisica Tecnica Industriale
Catrini P, Piacentino A, Cardona F, & Ciulla G (2020). Exergoeconomic analysis as support in decision-making for the design and operation of multiple chiller systems in air conditioning applications. ENERGY CONVERSION AND MANAGEMENT, 220 [10.1016/j.enconman.2020.113051].
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Accepted manuscript - full lenght.pdf

embargo fino al 15/09/2024

Descrizione: Articolo post-print nella versione estesa accettata per la pubblicazione
Tipologia: Post-print
Dimensione 872.39 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
872.39 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
1-s2.0-S0196890420305951-main.pdf

Solo gestori archvio

Descrizione: Articolo completo
Tipologia: Versione Editoriale
Dimensione 2.5 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.5 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/425874
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 14
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 12
social impact