We report on a multi-wavelength study of the unclassified X-ray source CXOU J110926.4-650224 (J1109). We identified the optical counterpart as a blue star with a magnitude of ∼20.1 (3300-10500 Å). The optical emission was variable on timescales from hundreds to thousands of seconds. The spectrum showed prominent emission lines with variable profiles at different epochs. Simultaneous XMM-Newton and NuSTAR observations revealed a bimodal distribution of the X-ray count rates on timescales as short as tens of seconds, as well as sporadic flaring activity. The average broad-band (0.3-79 keV) spectrum was adequately described by an absorbed power law model with photon index of Γ=1.63±0.01 (at 1σ c.l.), and the X-ray luminosity was (2.16±0.04)×10 34 erg s -1 for a distance of 4 kpc. Based on observations with different instruments, the X-ray luminosity has remained relatively steady over the past ∼15 years. J1109 is spatially associated with the gamma-ray source FL8Y J1109.8-6500, which was detected with Fermi at an average luminosity of (1.5±0.2)×10 34 erg s -1 (assuming the distance of J1109) over the 0.1-300 GeV energy band between 2008 and 2016. The source was undetected during ATCA radio observations that were simultaneous with NuSTAR, down to a 3σ flux upper limit of 18 μJy beam -1 (at 7.25 GHz). We show that the phenomenological properties of J1109 point to a binary transitional pulsar candidate currently in a sub-luminous accretion disk state, and that the upper limits derived for the radio emission are consistent with the expected radio luminosity for accreting neutron stars at similar X-ray luminosities.

Coti Zelati F., Papitto A., De Martino D., Buckley D.A.H., Odendaal A., Li J., et al. (2019). Prolonged sub-luminous state of the new transitional pulsar candidate CXOU J110926.4-650224. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, 622, A211 [10.1051/0004-6361/201834835].

Prolonged sub-luminous state of the new transitional pulsar candidate CXOU J110926.4-650224

Mazzola S. M.;Ferrigno C.;
2019

Abstract

We report on a multi-wavelength study of the unclassified X-ray source CXOU J110926.4-650224 (J1109). We identified the optical counterpart as a blue star with a magnitude of ∼20.1 (3300-10500 Å). The optical emission was variable on timescales from hundreds to thousands of seconds. The spectrum showed prominent emission lines with variable profiles at different epochs. Simultaneous XMM-Newton and NuSTAR observations revealed a bimodal distribution of the X-ray count rates on timescales as short as tens of seconds, as well as sporadic flaring activity. The average broad-band (0.3-79 keV) spectrum was adequately described by an absorbed power law model with photon index of Γ=1.63±0.01 (at 1σ c.l.), and the X-ray luminosity was (2.16±0.04)×10 34 erg s -1 for a distance of 4 kpc. Based on observations with different instruments, the X-ray luminosity has remained relatively steady over the past ∼15 years. J1109 is spatially associated with the gamma-ray source FL8Y J1109.8-6500, which was detected with Fermi at an average luminosity of (1.5±0.2)×10 34 erg s -1 (assuming the distance of J1109) over the 0.1-300 GeV energy band between 2008 and 2016. The source was undetected during ATCA radio observations that were simultaneous with NuSTAR, down to a 3σ flux upper limit of 18 μJy beam -1 (at 7.25 GHz). We show that the phenomenological properties of J1109 point to a binary transitional pulsar candidate currently in a sub-luminous accretion disk state, and that the upper limits derived for the radio emission are consistent with the expected radio luminosity for accreting neutron stars at similar X-ray luminosities.
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia E Astrofisica
Coti Zelati F., Papitto A., De Martino D., Buckley D.A.H., Odendaal A., Li J., et al. (2019). Prolonged sub-luminous state of the new transitional pulsar candidate CXOU J110926.4-650224. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, 622, A211 [10.1051/0004-6361/201834835].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/420563
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