Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is endemic in Sicily. Although it is a notifiable disease, there is evidence that the actual number of cases is higher than that reported. In 1987, a regional reference center for active surveillance of VL was established and it recorded a total of 284 cases through 1995, a mean of 31.5 cases/year and about four-fold more than previously reported. Of the 284 cases, 150 (53%) were children (< or = 14 years of age), and of the 134 adults, 39 (29%) were coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The commonest viscerotropic zymodeme of Leishmania infantum, MON 1, was identified in 40 (93%) of 43 HIV-negative and eight (57%) of 14 HIV-positive patients. Among 280 patients evaluated (i.e., all HIV-negative and 35 of 39 HIV-positive subjects), 254 (91%) were treated with meglumine antimoniate alone or in combination with other drugs; 23 (8%) received allopurinol or amphotericin B, either conventional or in liposomal form; and three terminally ill patients were not treated. Among the 245 HIV-negative patients, 236 (96%) were successfully cured, while nine (4%) (seven adults) died during the course of antimonial treatment. None of the 35 HIV-positive patients was definitively cured, although mortality was apparently associated with other opportunistic infections.

A. CASCIO, GRADONI L, SCARLATA F, GRAMICCIA M, GIORDANO S, RUSSO R, et al. (1997). EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SURVEILLANCE OF VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS IN SICILY, ITALY. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE, 57, 75-78.

EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SURVEILLANCE OF VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS IN SICILY, ITALY

A. CASCIO;
1997-01-01

Abstract

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is endemic in Sicily. Although it is a notifiable disease, there is evidence that the actual number of cases is higher than that reported. In 1987, a regional reference center for active surveillance of VL was established and it recorded a total of 284 cases through 1995, a mean of 31.5 cases/year and about four-fold more than previously reported. Of the 284 cases, 150 (53%) were children (< or = 14 years of age), and of the 134 adults, 39 (29%) were coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The commonest viscerotropic zymodeme of Leishmania infantum, MON 1, was identified in 40 (93%) of 43 HIV-negative and eight (57%) of 14 HIV-positive patients. Among 280 patients evaluated (i.e., all HIV-negative and 35 of 39 HIV-positive subjects), 254 (91%) were treated with meglumine antimoniate alone or in combination with other drugs; 23 (8%) received allopurinol or amphotericin B, either conventional or in liposomal form; and three terminally ill patients were not treated. Among the 245 HIV-negative patients, 236 (96%) were successfully cured, while nine (4%) (seven adults) died during the course of antimonial treatment. None of the 35 HIV-positive patients was definitively cured, although mortality was apparently associated with other opportunistic infections.
A. CASCIO, GRADONI L, SCARLATA F, GRAMICCIA M, GIORDANO S, RUSSO R, et al. (1997). EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SURVEILLANCE OF VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS IN SICILY, ITALY. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE, 57, 75-78.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/415746
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