Background: The importance of assessing “food literacy” since youth has been highlighted and, to this purpose, valid and consistent instruments are needed. This study aimed to assess the validity and internal consistency of the preschool-FLAT (Food Literacy Assessment Tool). Methods. 505 children from 21 kindergartens, recruited within the Training-to-Health Project in Palermo (Italy), underwent oral sessions and activities on food-related aspects. Their knowledge/skills were recorded in the preschool-FLAT. The following scale measures were assessed: Content validity; internal consistency (Chronbach’s alpha coefficients); construct validity (Structural Equation Modeling—SEM); discriminant validity (intervention subgroup of 100 children vs. control group of 27 children). Results. Acceptable content validity of a 16-items scale and overall adequate internal consistency were revealed: Content validity index (CVI) 0.94, content validity ratio (CVR) 0.88, Chronbach’s alpha 0.76. The SEM revealed a 4-factor model fitting the data well (comparative fit index 0.939, root mean square error of approximation 0.033). Discriminant validity was good (intervention group scoring higher than control, p < 0.001, unpaired Student’s t-test). Conclusion. The preschool-FLAT revealed good psychometric properties, adequate validity and internal consistency. This is the only instrument in the literature specifically targeted to 3–6 years old children that could be effectively used to assess food literacy.

Tabacchi, G., Battaglia, G., Messina, G., Paoli, A., Palma, A., Bellafiore, M. (2020). Validity and internal consistency of the preschool-FLAT, a new tool for the assessment of food literacy in young children from the Training-to-Health project. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 17(8), 2759-2773 [10.3390/ijerph17082759].

Validity and internal consistency of the preschool-FLAT, a new tool for the assessment of food literacy in young children from the Training-to-Health project

Tabacchi, Garden
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Battaglia, Giuseppe
Conceptualization
;
Messina, Giuseppe
Resources
;
Palma, Antonio
Supervision
;
Bellafiore, Marianna
Project Administration
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background: The importance of assessing “food literacy” since youth has been highlighted and, to this purpose, valid and consistent instruments are needed. This study aimed to assess the validity and internal consistency of the preschool-FLAT (Food Literacy Assessment Tool). Methods. 505 children from 21 kindergartens, recruited within the Training-to-Health Project in Palermo (Italy), underwent oral sessions and activities on food-related aspects. Their knowledge/skills were recorded in the preschool-FLAT. The following scale measures were assessed: Content validity; internal consistency (Chronbach’s alpha coefficients); construct validity (Structural Equation Modeling—SEM); discriminant validity (intervention subgroup of 100 children vs. control group of 27 children). Results. Acceptable content validity of a 16-items scale and overall adequate internal consistency were revealed: Content validity index (CVI) 0.94, content validity ratio (CVR) 0.88, Chronbach’s alpha 0.76. The SEM revealed a 4-factor model fitting the data well (comparative fit index 0.939, root mean square error of approximation 0.033). Discriminant validity was good (intervention group scoring higher than control, p < 0.001, unpaired Student’s t-test). Conclusion. The preschool-FLAT revealed good psychometric properties, adequate validity and internal consistency. This is the only instrument in the literature specifically targeted to 3–6 years old children that could be effectively used to assess food literacy.
Settore M-EDF/02 - Metodi E Didattiche Delle Attivita' Sportive
Settore M-EDF/01 - Metodi E Didattiche Delle Attivita' Motorie
Tabacchi, G., Battaglia, G., Messina, G., Paoli, A., Palma, A., Bellafiore, M. (2020). Validity and internal consistency of the preschool-FLAT, a new tool for the assessment of food literacy in young children from the Training-to-Health project. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 17(8), 2759-2773 [10.3390/ijerph17082759].
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
ijerph-17-02759.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Articolo principale
Tipologia: Post-print
Dimensione 1.14 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.14 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/411568
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 8
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 8
social impact