Through the development of the high-throughput genotyping arrays, molecular markers and genes related to phenotypic traits have been identified in livestock species. In poultry, plumage color is an important qualitative trait that can be used as phenotypic marker for breed identification. In order to assess sources of genetic variation related to the Polverara chicken breed plumage colour (black vs. white), we carried out a genome-wide association study (GWAS) and a genome-wide fixation index (FST) scan to uncover the genomic regions involved. A total of 37 animals (17 white and 20 black) were genotyped with the Affymetrix 600 K Chicken single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) Array. The combination of results from GWAS and FST revealed a total of 40 significant markers distributed on GGA 01, 03, 08, 12 and 21, and located within or near known genes. In addition to the well-known TYR, other candidate genes have been identified in this study, such as GRM5, RAB38 and NOTCH2. All these genes could explain the difference between the two Polverara breeds. Therefore, this study provides the basis for further investigation of the genetic mechanisms involved in plumage color in chicken.

Mastrangelo S., Cendron F., Sottile G., Niero G., Portolano B., Biscarini F., et al. (2020). Genome-wide analyses identifies known and new markers responsible of chicken plumage color. ANIMALS, 10(3), 493 [10.3390/ani10030493].

Genome-wide analyses identifies known and new markers responsible of chicken plumage color

Mastrangelo S.;Sottile G.;Portolano B.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Through the development of the high-throughput genotyping arrays, molecular markers and genes related to phenotypic traits have been identified in livestock species. In poultry, plumage color is an important qualitative trait that can be used as phenotypic marker for breed identification. In order to assess sources of genetic variation related to the Polverara chicken breed plumage colour (black vs. white), we carried out a genome-wide association study (GWAS) and a genome-wide fixation index (FST) scan to uncover the genomic regions involved. A total of 37 animals (17 white and 20 black) were genotyped with the Affymetrix 600 K Chicken single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) Array. The combination of results from GWAS and FST revealed a total of 40 significant markers distributed on GGA 01, 03, 08, 12 and 21, and located within or near known genes. In addition to the well-known TYR, other candidate genes have been identified in this study, such as GRM5, RAB38 and NOTCH2. All these genes could explain the difference between the two Polverara breeds. Therefore, this study provides the basis for further investigation of the genetic mechanisms involved in plumage color in chicken.
Settore AGR/17 - Zootecnica Generale E Miglioramento Genetico
Mastrangelo S., Cendron F., Sottile G., Niero G., Portolano B., Biscarini F., et al. (2020). Genome-wide analyses identifies known and new markers responsible of chicken plumage color. ANIMALS, 10(3), 493 [10.3390/ani10030493].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/404995
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