In this paper we study the problem of electromagnetic wave propagation in a 3-D optical fiber. The goal is to obtain a solution for the time-harmonic field caused by a source in a cylindrically symmetric waveguide. The geometry of the problem, corresponding to an open waveguide, makes the problem challenging. To solve it, we construct a transform theory which is a nontrivial generalization of a method for solving a 2-D version of this problem given by Magnanini and Santosa. The extension to 3-D is made complicated by the fact that the resulting eigenvalue problem defining the transform kernel is singular both at the origin and at infinity. The singularities require the investigation of the behavior of the solutions of the eigenvalue problem. Moreover, the derivation of the transform formulas needed to solve the wave propagation problem involves nontrivial calculations. The paper provides a complete description on how to construct the solution to the wave propagation problem in a 3-D optical waveguide with cylindrical symmetry. A follow-up article will study the particular cases of a step-index fiber and of a coaxial waveguide. In those cases we will obtain concrete formulas for the field and numerical examples.

Alexandrov, O., Ciraolo, G. (2004). Wave propagation in a 3-D optical waveguide. MATHEMATICAL MODELS AND METHODS IN APPLIED SCIENCES, 2004-06 [10.1142/S0218202504003465].

### Wave propagation in a 3-D optical waveguide

#### Abstract

In this paper we study the problem of electromagnetic wave propagation in a 3-D optical fiber. The goal is to obtain a solution for the time-harmonic field caused by a source in a cylindrically symmetric waveguide. The geometry of the problem, corresponding to an open waveguide, makes the problem challenging. To solve it, we construct a transform theory which is a nontrivial generalization of a method for solving a 2-D version of this problem given by Magnanini and Santosa. The extension to 3-D is made complicated by the fact that the resulting eigenvalue problem defining the transform kernel is singular both at the origin and at infinity. The singularities require the investigation of the behavior of the solutions of the eigenvalue problem. Moreover, the derivation of the transform formulas needed to solve the wave propagation problem involves nontrivial calculations. The paper provides a complete description on how to construct the solution to the wave propagation problem in a 3-D optical waveguide with cylindrical symmetry. A follow-up article will study the particular cases of a step-index fiber and of a coaxial waveguide. In those cases we will obtain concrete formulas for the field and numerical examples.
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2004
Alexandrov, O., Ciraolo, G. (2004). Wave propagation in a 3-D optical waveguide. MATHEMATICAL MODELS AND METHODS IN APPLIED SCIENCES, 2004-06 [10.1142/S0218202504003465].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/10447/40023`