The wide anthropogenic use of selenium compounds represents the major source of selenium pollution worldwide, causing environmental issues and health concerns. Microbe-based strategies for metal removal/recovery have received increasing interest thanks to the association of the microbial ability to detoxify toxic metal/metalloid polluted environments with the production of nanomaterials. This study investigates the tolerance and the bioconversion of selenite (SeO32−) by the aerobically grown Actinomycete Rhodococcus aetherivorans BCP1 in association with its ability to produce selenium nanoparticles and nanorods (SeNPs and SeNRs). The BCP1 strain showed high tolerance towards SeO32− with a Minimal Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) of 500 mM. The bioconversion of SeO32− was evaluated considering two different physiological states of the BCP1 strain, i.e. unconditioned and/or conditioned cells, which correspond to cells exposed for the first time or after re-inoculation in fresh medium to either 0.5 or 2 mM of Na2SeO3, respectively. SeO32− bioconversion was higher for conditioned grown cells compared to the unconditioned ones. Selenium nanostructures appeared polydisperse and not aggregated, as detected by electron microscopy, being embedded in an organic coating likely responsible for their stability, as suggested by the physical-chemical characterization. The production of smaller and/or larger SeNPs was influenced by the initial concentration of provided precursor, which resulted in the growth of longer and/or shorter SeNRs, respectively. The strong ability to tolerate high SeO32− concentrations coupled with SeNP and SeNR biosynthesis highlights promising new applications of Rhodococcus aetherivorans BCP1 as cell factory to produce stable Se-nanostructures, whose suitability might be exploited for biotechnology purposes.

Presentato A., Piacenza E., Anikovskiy M., Cappelletti M., Zannoni D., Turner R.J. (2018). Biosynthesis of selenium-nanoparticles and -nanorods as a product of selenite bioconversion by the aerobic bacterium Rhodococcus aetherivorans BCP1. NEW BIOTECHNOLOGY, 41, 1-8 [10.1016/j.nbt.2017.11.002].

Biosynthesis of selenium-nanoparticles and -nanorods as a product of selenite bioconversion by the aerobic bacterium Rhodococcus aetherivorans BCP1

Presentato A.
;
Piacenza E.;
2018-01-01

Abstract

The wide anthropogenic use of selenium compounds represents the major source of selenium pollution worldwide, causing environmental issues and health concerns. Microbe-based strategies for metal removal/recovery have received increasing interest thanks to the association of the microbial ability to detoxify toxic metal/metalloid polluted environments with the production of nanomaterials. This study investigates the tolerance and the bioconversion of selenite (SeO32−) by the aerobically grown Actinomycete Rhodococcus aetherivorans BCP1 in association with its ability to produce selenium nanoparticles and nanorods (SeNPs and SeNRs). The BCP1 strain showed high tolerance towards SeO32− with a Minimal Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) of 500 mM. The bioconversion of SeO32− was evaluated considering two different physiological states of the BCP1 strain, i.e. unconditioned and/or conditioned cells, which correspond to cells exposed for the first time or after re-inoculation in fresh medium to either 0.5 or 2 mM of Na2SeO3, respectively. SeO32− bioconversion was higher for conditioned grown cells compared to the unconditioned ones. Selenium nanostructures appeared polydisperse and not aggregated, as detected by electron microscopy, being embedded in an organic coating likely responsible for their stability, as suggested by the physical-chemical characterization. The production of smaller and/or larger SeNPs was influenced by the initial concentration of provided precursor, which resulted in the growth of longer and/or shorter SeNRs, respectively. The strong ability to tolerate high SeO32− concentrations coupled with SeNP and SeNR biosynthesis highlights promising new applications of Rhodococcus aetherivorans BCP1 as cell factory to produce stable Se-nanostructures, whose suitability might be exploited for biotechnology purposes.
Settore BIO/19 - Microbiologia Generale
Presentato A., Piacenza E., Anikovskiy M., Cappelletti M., Zannoni D., Turner R.J. (2018). Biosynthesis of selenium-nanoparticles and -nanorods as a product of selenite bioconversion by the aerobic bacterium Rhodococcus aetherivorans BCP1. NEW BIOTECHNOLOGY, 41, 1-8 [10.1016/j.nbt.2017.11.002].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/390773
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