Periodontal diseases include a group of infl ammatory diseases characterized by progressive destruction of the periodontium. Dental plaque is the initiator of periodontal disease, but disease severity and response to treatment are determined predominantly by host-based risk factors. Genetic disorders can modify the host defense mechanisms or infl uence the homeostasis of the periodontium during childhood, thus increasing patients’ susceptibility to periodontal disease. The periodontal manifestations of these disorders may persist into adulthood. When dealing with periodontal problems, particularly in children and adolescents, it is advisable to establish a differential diagnosis of periodontal disease due to systemic conditions. This paper reviews the current literature concerning the effect on periodontal health of genetic disorders such as connective tissue metabolism disorders, metabolic disorders, skin disorders, leukocyte defects, and chromosome abnormalities. Treatment strategies of patients with genetic disorders affected by periodontal diseases are also suggested according to the evidence available. In patients affected by genetic disorders, the response to treatment is not always as expected, and sometimes the progression of periodontal disease is inevitable despite adequate maintenance treatment

Pizzo, G., Lo Re, D., Piscopo, M., Pizzo, I., & Giuliana, G. (2009). Genetic disorders and periodontal health: A literature review. MEDICAL SCIENCE MONITOR, 15(8), RA167-RA178.

Genetic disorders and periodontal health: A literature review

PIZZO, Giuseppe;PISCOPO, Maria Ruth;PIZZO, Ignazio;GIULIANA, Giovanna
2009

Abstract

Periodontal diseases include a group of infl ammatory diseases characterized by progressive destruction of the periodontium. Dental plaque is the initiator of periodontal disease, but disease severity and response to treatment are determined predominantly by host-based risk factors. Genetic disorders can modify the host defense mechanisms or infl uence the homeostasis of the periodontium during childhood, thus increasing patients’ susceptibility to periodontal disease. The periodontal manifestations of these disorders may persist into adulthood. When dealing with periodontal problems, particularly in children and adolescents, it is advisable to establish a differential diagnosis of periodontal disease due to systemic conditions. This paper reviews the current literature concerning the effect on periodontal health of genetic disorders such as connective tissue metabolism disorders, metabolic disorders, skin disorders, leukocyte defects, and chromosome abnormalities. Treatment strategies of patients with genetic disorders affected by periodontal diseases are also suggested according to the evidence available. In patients affected by genetic disorders, the response to treatment is not always as expected, and sometimes the progression of periodontal disease is inevitable despite adequate maintenance treatment
Settore MED/28 - Malattie Odontostomatologiche
http://www.medscimonit.com/fulltxt.php?ICID=878128
Pizzo, G., Lo Re, D., Piscopo, M., Pizzo, I., & Giuliana, G. (2009). Genetic disorders and periodontal health: A literature review. MEDICAL SCIENCE MONITOR, 15(8), RA167-RA178.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/37689
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