Abstract To gain further insight into the role of cortisol in Wsh innate immune responses, we cloned and sequenced a 2592 bp cDNA from sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) peritoneal leukocytes (PCLs) encoding a glucocorticoid receptor (DlGR1). The deduced aminoacid sequence displayed that DlGR1 belong to a multigenic family of steroid hormone receptors, and exhibited high homology (80%) to the Burton’s mouth breeder (Haplochromis burtoni) HbGR1. The DlGR1 functional domains presented homologies with those of several vertebrate species. In situ hybridization assay revealed that DlGR1 was expressed in macrophages and neutrophils from the peritoneal cavity. Since in a previous paper, sea bass PCL chemiluminescence response (CL) has been related to increased respiratory burst of phagocytes stimulated with zymosan, PCLs, preincubated in vitro with cortisol at various concentrations, were assayed for their CL response. Dose-dependent cortisol inhibitory eVects, and signiWcant competitive activity of a low concentration of mifepristone (RU486), a glucocorticoid-receptor blocker, supported that cortisol–GR interaction was involved in modulating CL response via a genomic pathway. Results also indicated that cortisol could be eVective through an additional not-genomic way, and showed that high doses of RU486 exerted an inhibitory eVect on PCL chemiluminescence activity.
Celi, M., Vazzana, M., Salerno, G., Di Bella, M.L., Arizza, V., Parrinello, N. (2008). Effects of cadmium on expression of the hsp70 in sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L., Osteichthyes. Moronidae) blood cells. BIOLOGIA MARINA MEDITERRANEA, 15(1), 412-413 [doi:10.1016/j.ygcen.2006.07.016].