The ongoing anthropogenic‐induced warming assessment requires a robust background from regional sea surface temperature (SST) reconstructions. Planktonic foraminifera have yielded valuable insights into late Quaternary SST dynamics, but the techniques to estimate SST from fossil assemblages have only rarely been used in very recent sedimentary records (the last 2,000 years). Here we use two transfer function methods, modern analog technique and artificial neural networks, to reconstruct SST variability in two cores from the Central Mediterranean Sea that span the last five centuries. Both cores show similar and considerable changes in the planktonic foraminifera assemblages. However, the inferred mean annual SSTs only varied in a narrow range, in agreement with instrumental data that go back to 1850 CE. Our reconstructions extend this time frame and indicate that SST variability did not exceed 1.5 °C over the past three centuries. Rather than temperature, we suggest that the changes in the assemblages reflect switches between sea surface winter/spring productivity and a deep winter mixed layer, due to the atmosphere/ocean interplay that governs different productivity modes in neighboring mesoscale gyres.

Incarbona, A. (2019). Sea Surface Temperatures and Paleoenvironmental Variability in the Central Mediterranean During Historical Times Reconstructed Using Planktonic Foraminifera. PALEOCEANOGRAPHY AND PALEOCLIMATOLOGY, 34(3), 394-408 [10.1029/2018PA003529].

Sea Surface Temperatures and Paleoenvironmental Variability in the Central Mediterranean During Historical Times Reconstructed Using Planktonic Foraminifera

Incarbona A.
;
Sprovieri R.;
2019-01-01

Abstract

The ongoing anthropogenic‐induced warming assessment requires a robust background from regional sea surface temperature (SST) reconstructions. Planktonic foraminifera have yielded valuable insights into late Quaternary SST dynamics, but the techniques to estimate SST from fossil assemblages have only rarely been used in very recent sedimentary records (the last 2,000 years). Here we use two transfer function methods, modern analog technique and artificial neural networks, to reconstruct SST variability in two cores from the Central Mediterranean Sea that span the last five centuries. Both cores show similar and considerable changes in the planktonic foraminifera assemblages. However, the inferred mean annual SSTs only varied in a narrow range, in agreement with instrumental data that go back to 1850 CE. Our reconstructions extend this time frame and indicate that SST variability did not exceed 1.5 °C over the past three centuries. Rather than temperature, we suggest that the changes in the assemblages reflect switches between sea surface winter/spring productivity and a deep winter mixed layer, due to the atmosphere/ocean interplay that governs different productivity modes in neighboring mesoscale gyres.
2019
Incarbona, A. (2019). Sea Surface Temperatures and Paleoenvironmental Variability in the Central Mediterranean During Historical Times Reconstructed Using Planktonic Foraminifera. PALEOCEANOGRAPHY AND PALEOCLIMATOLOGY, 34(3), 394-408 [10.1029/2018PA003529].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/352348
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