The thermal rearrangements of 3-acylamino-5-methylisoxazoles 1 have been investigated under basic and neutral conditions and interpreted with the support of computational data. The density functional theory (DFT) study on the competitive routes available for the base-catalyzed thermal rearrangement of isoxazoles 1 showed that the Boulton-Katritzky (BK) rearrangement, producing the less stable 3-acetonyl- 1,2,4-oxadiazoles 5, is a much more favored process than either the migration-nucleophilic attack-cyclization (MNAC) or the ring contraction-ring expansion (RCRE). In turn, an increase in reaction temperature will promote the MNAC of oxadiazoles 5, producing the more stable 2-acylaminooxazoles 8. The thermal rearrangement of 3-acylaminoisoxazoles 1 into oxazoles 8 can therefore be interpreted in terms of a cascade BK-MNAC rearrangement involving 3-acetonyl-1,2,4-oxadiazoles 5 as ancillary intermediates.

PACE, A., PIERRO, P., BUSCEMI, S., VIVONA, N., BARONE, G.A. (2009). Experimental and DFT Studies on Competitive Heterocyclic Rearrangements. A Cascade Isoxazole-1,2,4-Oxadiazole-Oxazole Rearrangement. JOURNAL OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 74(1), 351-358 [10.1021/jo802081k].

Experimental and DFT Studies on Competitive Heterocyclic Rearrangements. A Cascade Isoxazole-1,2,4-Oxadiazole-Oxazole Rearrangement

PACE, Andrea;PIERRO, Paola;BUSCEMI, Silvestre;VIVONA, Nicolo';BARONE, Giampaolo
2009-01-01

Abstract

The thermal rearrangements of 3-acylamino-5-methylisoxazoles 1 have been investigated under basic and neutral conditions and interpreted with the support of computational data. The density functional theory (DFT) study on the competitive routes available for the base-catalyzed thermal rearrangement of isoxazoles 1 showed that the Boulton-Katritzky (BK) rearrangement, producing the less stable 3-acetonyl- 1,2,4-oxadiazoles 5, is a much more favored process than either the migration-nucleophilic attack-cyclization (MNAC) or the ring contraction-ring expansion (RCRE). In turn, an increase in reaction temperature will promote the MNAC of oxadiazoles 5, producing the more stable 2-acylaminooxazoles 8. The thermal rearrangement of 3-acylaminoisoxazoles 1 into oxazoles 8 can therefore be interpreted in terms of a cascade BK-MNAC rearrangement involving 3-acetonyl-1,2,4-oxadiazoles 5 as ancillary intermediates.
Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica
Settore CHIM/03 - Chimica Generale E Inorganica
PACE, A., PIERRO, P., BUSCEMI, S., VIVONA, N., BARONE, G.A. (2009). Experimental and DFT Studies on Competitive Heterocyclic Rearrangements. A Cascade Isoxazole-1,2,4-Oxadiazole-Oxazole Rearrangement. JOURNAL OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 74(1), 351-358 [10.1021/jo802081k].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/34888
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