The phylum Cnidaria is an ancient branch in the tree of metazoans. Several species exert a remarkable longevity, suggesting the existence of a developed and consistent defense mechanism of the innate immunity capable to overcome the potential repeated exposure to microbial pathogenic agents. Increasing evidence indicates that the innate immune system in Cnidarians is not only involved in the disruption of harmful microorganisms, but also is crucial in structuring tissue-associated microbial communities that are essential components of the Cnidarian holobiont and useful to the animal’s health for several functions, including metabolism, immune defense, development, and behavior. Sometimes, the shifts in the normal microbiota may be used as “early” bio-indicators of both environmental changes and/or animal disease. Here the Cnidarians relationships with microbial communities and the potential biotechnological applications are summarized and discussed.

Stabili, L., Parisi, M.G., Parrinello, D., Cammarata, M. (2018). Cnidarian interaction with microbial communities: From aid to animal’s health to rejection responses. MARINE DRUGS, 16(9), 296 [10.3390/md16090296].

Cnidarian interaction with microbial communities: From aid to animal’s health to rejection responses

Parisi, Maria Giovanna;Parrinello, Daniela;Cammarata, Matteo
2018-01-01

Abstract

The phylum Cnidaria is an ancient branch in the tree of metazoans. Several species exert a remarkable longevity, suggesting the existence of a developed and consistent defense mechanism of the innate immunity capable to overcome the potential repeated exposure to microbial pathogenic agents. Increasing evidence indicates that the innate immune system in Cnidarians is not only involved in the disruption of harmful microorganisms, but also is crucial in structuring tissue-associated microbial communities that are essential components of the Cnidarian holobiont and useful to the animal’s health for several functions, including metabolism, immune defense, development, and behavior. Sometimes, the shifts in the normal microbiota may be used as “early” bio-indicators of both environmental changes and/or animal disease. Here the Cnidarians relationships with microbial communities and the potential biotechnological applications are summarized and discussed.
2018
Stabili, L., Parisi, M.G., Parrinello, D., Cammarata, M. (2018). Cnidarian interaction with microbial communities: From aid to animal’s health to rejection responses. MARINE DRUGS, 16(9), 296 [10.3390/md16090296].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/347102
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