The cytotoxic effect of several diorganotin(IV) and triorganotin(IV)-meso-tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphine derivatives was tested and only the (Bu2Sn)2TPPS and the (Bu3Sn)4TPPS showed cytotoxicity on A375 human melanoma cells. To examine the pathway of (Bu2Sn)2TPPS or (Bu3Sn)4TPPS induced A375 cell death, DNA fragmentation analysis, Annexin V binding and PI uptake as well as caspases activation analysis by Western blot were carried out. A375 cells treated exhibited several typical characteristics of apoptosis. Both the (Bu2Sn)2TPPS and the (Bu3Sn)4TPPS compounds activate caspase-8 and caspase-9 leading to caspase-3 activation. Thus, we propose that these two porphirin derivatives lead to the apoptosis of human melanoma cells via both death receptor-mediated and mitochondrial apoptotic pathways.
COSTA MA, PELLERITO L, IZZO V, FIORE T, PELLERITO C, MELIS M, et al. (2006). Diorganotin(IV) and triorganotin(IV) complexes of meso-tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl) porphine induce apoptosis in A375 human melanoma cells. CANCER LETTERS, 238(2), 284-294 [10.1016/j.canlet.2005.07.021].