The electrochemical reduction of a series of halogenated benzophenones X-C6H4COC6H4-Y (1) was studied in aprotic solvents, in the absence and presence of CO2, by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and controlled-potential electrolysis. The mechanism of electroreduction in dimethylformamide (DMF) has been investigated in some detail. Most of the compounds undergo reductive carbon-halogen bond cleavage in the time window of CV. The radical anions derived from difluorobenzophenones (X=Y=4-F; X=2-F, Y=4-F) as well as from the 3-chloro derivative are quite stable with a cleavage rate constant (kc) of the order of 10-2 s-1 or less. With 4-chloro-, 2-chloro-, 4,4′-dichloro- and 2,4′-dichorobenzophenones, kc of 1·- has values in the range 4-254 s-1 in DMF. In the presence of CO2 all radical anions react quite rapidly with CO2, carboxylation of 1·- being much faster than dehalogenation. Controlled-potential electrolyses were carried out in DMF, MeCN and N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone (NMP) in an undivided cell using a compact graphite cathode and an aluminium sacrificial anode. The principal product under these conditions was always the α-hydroxyacid X-C6H4C(OH)(CO2H)C6H 4-Y. In NMP under 1 atm of CO2, acid yields around 90% were obtained except in the case of 2-chloro- and 2,4′-dichlorobenzophenone, where acid yields of 58 and 68% were obtained, respectively

Isse, A., Galia, A., Belfiore, C., Silvestri, G., Gennaro, A. (2002). Electrochemical reduction and carboxylation of halobenzophenones. JOURNAL OF ELECTROANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY AND INTERFACIAL ELECTROCHEMISTRY, 526(Issue 1-2), 41-52 [10.1016/S0022-0728(02)00815-X].

Electrochemical reduction and carboxylation of halobenzophenones

GALIA, Alessandro;Belfiore, C;SILVESTRI, Giuseppe;
2002

Abstract

The electrochemical reduction of a series of halogenated benzophenones X-C6H4COC6H4-Y (1) was studied in aprotic solvents, in the absence and presence of CO2, by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and controlled-potential electrolysis. The mechanism of electroreduction in dimethylformamide (DMF) has been investigated in some detail. Most of the compounds undergo reductive carbon-halogen bond cleavage in the time window of CV. The radical anions derived from difluorobenzophenones (X=Y=4-F; X=2-F, Y=4-F) as well as from the 3-chloro derivative are quite stable with a cleavage rate constant (kc) of the order of 10-2 s-1 or less. With 4-chloro-, 2-chloro-, 4,4′-dichloro- and 2,4′-dichorobenzophenones, kc of 1·- has values in the range 4-254 s-1 in DMF. In the presence of CO2 all radical anions react quite rapidly with CO2, carboxylation of 1·- being much faster than dehalogenation. Controlled-potential electrolyses were carried out in DMF, MeCN and N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone (NMP) in an undivided cell using a compact graphite cathode and an aluminium sacrificial anode. The principal product under these conditions was always the α-hydroxyacid X-C6H4C(OH)(CO2H)C6H 4-Y. In NMP under 1 atm of CO2, acid yields around 90% were obtained except in the case of 2-chloro- and 2,4′-dichlorobenzophenone, where acid yields of 58 and 68% were obtained, respectively
Isse, A., Galia, A., Belfiore, C., Silvestri, G., Gennaro, A. (2002). Electrochemical reduction and carboxylation of halobenzophenones. JOURNAL OF ELECTROANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY AND INTERFACIAL ELECTROCHEMISTRY, 526(Issue 1-2), 41-52 [10.1016/S0022-0728(02)00815-X].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/280242
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