Fungi and bacteria are known as major biodeteriogens of cultural heritage, able to colonize, altering anddegrading a wide range of materials, such as metals, paints, paper, paperboard, rocks, photos, textiles, leather, plastics, etc. (1, 2). The use of traditional chemical biocides, to control microbial growth on cultural assets, has become a serious threat to public health and environment. The aim of this study has been to develop biocompatible antimicrobial compounds testing on specific taxa, that were isolated from biodeteriorated artifacts (books, papers, stones, woods, canvases) or environmental aerosols (museums, archives, libraries) and characterized by microscopy, in vitro culture and molecular analysis (3). Previously extracted (4) and new plant products, Tea Tree essential oil and Calamintha nepeta L., Allium sativum L., Crithmum maritimum, Ferula communis L., have been tested against Bacillus subtilis, Micrococcus luteus, Staphylococcus aureus, Penicillium chrysogenum, Aspergillus versicolor and Alternariaspp. The susceptibility of microbial strains to different natural compounds was tested by agar disc diffusion, well plate diffusion and microdilution methods. Our results evidenced the efficacy of same plant products, such as Tea Tree oil, Calamintha nepeta L., Allium sativum L. and Crithmum maritimum extracts, to control microbial growth, suggesting a potential application as natural biocides in cultural heritage field. Further studies are required to develop appropriate methods to apply products of botanical origin as valid alternatives in sustainable conservation of cultural heritage.

Franco, P., Valentina, R., Giovanna, B., Enza Di Carlo, ., Ambra, G., Giovanna, L., et al. (2017). PLANT PRODUCTS TO CONTROL BIODETERIORATION OF CULTURAL ASSETS. In ABSTRACTS, KEYNOTE LECTURES, COMMUNICATIONS, POSTERS (pp.137-137). Parma.

PLANT PRODUCTS TO CONTROL BIODETERIORATION OF CULTURAL ASSETS

Franco Palla
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Valentina Rotolo
Investigation
;
Giovanna Barresi
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Enza Di Carlo
Investigation
;
Ambra Giordano
Investigation
;
Maurizio Bruno
Formal Analysis
2017-01-01

Abstract

Fungi and bacteria are known as major biodeteriogens of cultural heritage, able to colonize, altering anddegrading a wide range of materials, such as metals, paints, paper, paperboard, rocks, photos, textiles, leather, plastics, etc. (1, 2). The use of traditional chemical biocides, to control microbial growth on cultural assets, has become a serious threat to public health and environment. The aim of this study has been to develop biocompatible antimicrobial compounds testing on specific taxa, that were isolated from biodeteriorated artifacts (books, papers, stones, woods, canvases) or environmental aerosols (museums, archives, libraries) and characterized by microscopy, in vitro culture and molecular analysis (3). Previously extracted (4) and new plant products, Tea Tree essential oil and Calamintha nepeta L., Allium sativum L., Crithmum maritimum, Ferula communis L., have been tested against Bacillus subtilis, Micrococcus luteus, Staphylococcus aureus, Penicillium chrysogenum, Aspergillus versicolor and Alternariaspp. The susceptibility of microbial strains to different natural compounds was tested by agar disc diffusion, well plate diffusion and microdilution methods. Our results evidenced the efficacy of same plant products, such as Tea Tree oil, Calamintha nepeta L., Allium sativum L. and Crithmum maritimum extracts, to control microbial growth, suggesting a potential application as natural biocides in cultural heritage field. Further studies are required to develop appropriate methods to apply products of botanical origin as valid alternatives in sustainable conservation of cultural heritage.
Settore BIO/03 - Botanica Ambientale E Applicata
set-2017
112° Congresso della Società Botanica Italiana - IV INTERNATIONAL PLANT SCIENCE CONFERENCE (IPSC)
Parma, Italy
20-23 settembre 2017
112°
1
A stampa
Franco, P., Valentina, R., Giovanna, B., Enza Di Carlo, ., Ambra, G., Giovanna, L., et al. (2017). PLANT PRODUCTS TO CONTROL BIODETERIORATION OF CULTURAL ASSETS. In ABSTRACTS, KEYNOTE LECTURES, COMMUNICATIONS, POSTERS (pp.137-137). Parma.
Proceedings (atti dei congressi)
Franco, P.; Valentina, R.; Giovanna, B.; Enza Di Carlo, ; Ambra, G.; Giovanna, L.; Maurizio, B.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/252558
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