Pantelleria is a volcanic island located in the Strait of Sicily, 95 km far from the Sicilian coastline and 67 km from Cape Bon (Tunisia). The volcanological history of the island begins approximately 324 ka BP and the last eruptive event was a submarine eruption that occurred on 1891 A.D. Eruptive activity was characterized by seven very intense explosive events, the latest being the Green Tuff (44 ka). They have all produced ignimbrite sheets that covered large sectors of the island. The landscape of the island mirrors the variety of the eruptive styles and their interplay with volcano-tectonics. The most evident geomorphological features are represented by: (i) the mantle-like distribution of the Green Tuff ignimbrite; (ii) the arcuate remnants of the two large caldera collapses, and (iii) the intracalderic scoria cones, lava domes and lava fields. A very dense distribution of dry walls, built since Roman times, perfectly integrate the volcanic landscape, preventing from erosion and rock falls.

Rotolo, S., Agnesi, V., Conoscenti, C., & Lanzo, G. (2017). Pantelleria island (Strait of Sicily): volcanic history and geomorphological landscape. In Mauro Soldati, & M. M Marchetti (a cura di), Landscapes and Landforms of Italy (pp. 479-487). Berlino : Springer [10.1007/978-3-319-26194-2_41].

Pantelleria island (Strait of Sicily): volcanic history and geomorphological landscape

ROTOLO, Silvio Giuseppe;AGNESI, Valerio;CONOSCENTI, Christian;LANZO, Giovanni
2017

Abstract

Pantelleria is a volcanic island located in the Strait of Sicily, 95 km far from the Sicilian coastline and 67 km from Cape Bon (Tunisia). The volcanological history of the island begins approximately 324 ka BP and the last eruptive event was a submarine eruption that occurred on 1891 A.D. Eruptive activity was characterized by seven very intense explosive events, the latest being the Green Tuff (44 ka). They have all produced ignimbrite sheets that covered large sectors of the island. The landscape of the island mirrors the variety of the eruptive styles and their interplay with volcano-tectonics. The most evident geomorphological features are represented by: (i) the mantle-like distribution of the Green Tuff ignimbrite; (ii) the arcuate remnants of the two large caldera collapses, and (iii) the intracalderic scoria cones, lava domes and lava fields. A very dense distribution of dry walls, built since Roman times, perfectly integrate the volcanic landscape, preventing from erosion and rock falls.
Settore GEO/07 - Petrologia E Petrografia
Settore GEO/04 - Geografia Fisica E Geomorfologia
Rotolo, S., Agnesi, V., Conoscenti, C., & Lanzo, G. (2017). Pantelleria island (Strait of Sicily): volcanic history and geomorphological landscape. In Mauro Soldati, & M. M Marchetti (a cura di), Landscapes and Landforms of Italy (pp. 479-487). Berlino : Springer [10.1007/978-3-319-26194-2_41].
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
PANT Springer.pdf

non disponibili

Descrizione: articolo
Dimensione 1.31 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.31 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/240839
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact