Stable isotope ratios were used to determine the impact of anthropogenically derived organic matter from onshore and offshore fish farming and a sewage outfall on organisms at different trophic levels (primary producers and consumers) on the south-east coast of Sicily (Italy, Mediterranean). Representative macroalgae and consumers were collected in three sampling locations: “Impact” and two putative “Controls” sited to the north of the impacted location. While δ13C values of both organic matter sources and consumers varied little between locations, δ15N spatial variability was higher and δ15N was shown to be a good descriptor of organic enrichment and uptake of anthropogenically derived material within coastal food webs. Isotopic data were analysed using a multivariate approach. Organic matter sources and benthic components were more sensitive to pollution than nektobenthic species and revealed that the effects of anthropogenic activities seem to be detectable over a wide area. The study site is characterised by wide waste dispersal, which brings a reduction in impact in the area directly affected by organic matter inputs and enlarges the area of moderate impact.

VIZZINI, S., MAZZOLA, A. (2006). The effects of anthropogenic organic matter inputs on stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes in organism from different trophic levels in a southern Mediterranean coastal area. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 368, 723-731 [10.1016/J.SCITOTENEV.2006.02.001].

The effects of anthropogenic organic matter inputs on stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes in organism from different trophic levels in a southern Mediterranean coastal area

VIZZINI, Salvatrice;MAZZOLA, Antonio
2006

Abstract

Stable isotope ratios were used to determine the impact of anthropogenically derived organic matter from onshore and offshore fish farming and a sewage outfall on organisms at different trophic levels (primary producers and consumers) on the south-east coast of Sicily (Italy, Mediterranean). Representative macroalgae and consumers were collected in three sampling locations: “Impact” and two putative “Controls” sited to the north of the impacted location. While δ13C values of both organic matter sources and consumers varied little between locations, δ15N spatial variability was higher and δ15N was shown to be a good descriptor of organic enrichment and uptake of anthropogenically derived material within coastal food webs. Isotopic data were analysed using a multivariate approach. Organic matter sources and benthic components were more sensitive to pollution than nektobenthic species and revealed that the effects of anthropogenic activities seem to be detectable over a wide area. The study site is characterised by wide waste dispersal, which brings a reduction in impact in the area directly affected by organic matter inputs and enlarges the area of moderate impact.
VIZZINI, S., MAZZOLA, A. (2006). The effects of anthropogenic organic matter inputs on stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes in organism from different trophic levels in a southern Mediterranean coastal area. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 368, 723-731 [10.1016/J.SCITOTENEV.2006.02.001].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/23576
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