Diverticular disease is increasingly prevalent in Western societies and is associated with significant morbidity. OBJECTIVE: Two-stage endoscopic device development for inversion and secured ligation of colonic diverticula; first, human cadaver studies were performed to measure forces required for diverticular inversion; second, a novel set of devices (elastic spiked O-ring with delivery system) was tested in animals. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study of human cadavers and prospective, interventional study of a porcine model. SETTING: University hospital pathology laboratory and animal facility. INTERVENTION: Full-thickness inversion of the colonic wall with a pipelike delivery instrument to produce an inverted pseudodiverticulum that was secured with a spiked O-ring. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: The forces required for diverticular inversion, the secured closure of inverted pseudodiverticula, and the time until necrotic tissue falls off. RESULTS: A total of 248 of 248 of cadaveric sigmoid diverticula could be inverted by means of vacuum or forceps. The forces required for inversion ranged from 0.28 to 0.47 N (median, 0.37 N). Twenty-four spiked O-rings were delivered in 6 living pigs to produce 24 inverted pseudodiverticula. One animal died the day after the procedure of a pulmonary thromboembolism. In the remaining 5 pigs, all delivered spiked O-rings remained in place for 7 to 22 days. At necropsy, none of the inverted sites showed signs of perforation but rather full-thickness reparative scarring with ingrowth of connective tissue. LIMITATIONS: Animal model, stiff pipelike delivery instrument, variations in diverticular location, diameter, and size. CONCLUSIONS: Endoluminal inversion and securing of colonic diverticula induces tissue necrosis, diverticular sloughing, and full-thickness scarring.

Amato, G., Birsan, T., Granic, E., Silberhumer, G., Cassata, G., Agrusa, A., et al. (2015). Vacuum inversion and securing of distal colonic pseudodiverticula with novel spiked O-rings. GASTROINTESTINAL ENDOSCOPY, 81(3), 749-755 [doi: 10.1016/j.gie.2014.09.051].

Vacuum inversion and securing of distal colonic pseudodiverticula with novel spiked O-rings

CASSATA, Giovanni;AGRUSA, Antonino;ROMANO, Giorgio;
2015

Abstract

Diverticular disease is increasingly prevalent in Western societies and is associated with significant morbidity. OBJECTIVE: Two-stage endoscopic device development for inversion and secured ligation of colonic diverticula; first, human cadaver studies were performed to measure forces required for diverticular inversion; second, a novel set of devices (elastic spiked O-ring with delivery system) was tested in animals. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study of human cadavers and prospective, interventional study of a porcine model. SETTING: University hospital pathology laboratory and animal facility. INTERVENTION: Full-thickness inversion of the colonic wall with a pipelike delivery instrument to produce an inverted pseudodiverticulum that was secured with a spiked O-ring. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: The forces required for diverticular inversion, the secured closure of inverted pseudodiverticula, and the time until necrotic tissue falls off. RESULTS: A total of 248 of 248 of cadaveric sigmoid diverticula could be inverted by means of vacuum or forceps. The forces required for inversion ranged from 0.28 to 0.47 N (median, 0.37 N). Twenty-four spiked O-rings were delivered in 6 living pigs to produce 24 inverted pseudodiverticula. One animal died the day after the procedure of a pulmonary thromboembolism. In the remaining 5 pigs, all delivered spiked O-rings remained in place for 7 to 22 days. At necropsy, none of the inverted sites showed signs of perforation but rather full-thickness reparative scarring with ingrowth of connective tissue. LIMITATIONS: Animal model, stiff pipelike delivery instrument, variations in diverticular location, diameter, and size. CONCLUSIONS: Endoluminal inversion and securing of colonic diverticula induces tissue necrosis, diverticular sloughing, and full-thickness scarring.
Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale
Amato, G., Birsan, T., Granic, E., Silberhumer, G., Cassata, G., Agrusa, A., et al. (2015). Vacuum inversion and securing of distal colonic pseudodiverticula with novel spiked O-rings. GASTROINTESTINAL ENDOSCOPY, 81(3), 749-755 [doi: 10.1016/j.gie.2014.09.051].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/160325
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