The extravasation of metastatic cells is regulated by molecular events involving the initial adhesion of tumor cells to the endothelium and subsequently the migration of the cells in the host connective tissue. The differences in metastatic ability could be attributed to properties intrinsic of the various primary tumor types. Thus, the clonal selection of neoplastic cells during cancer progression results in cells better equipped for survival and formation of colonies in secondary sites. A cell line (T84SF) exhibiting an altered phenotypic appearance was selected from a colon cancer cell line (T84) by repetitive plating on TNFalpha-activated human endothelial cells and subsequent selection for adherent cells. Cell growth, motility, chemoinvasive abilities, tyrosine phosphorylation signaling, and the metastasis formation in nude mice of the two cell lines was compared. T84SF cells displayed in vitro an higher proliferation rate and a more invasive behavior compared to the parental cells while formed in vivo a greater number of metastatic colonies in nude mice. As concerns the signaling underlying the phenotypes of the selected cells, we examined the general tyrosine phosphorylation levels in both cell lines. Our results indicate that T84SF have an increased basal tyrosine phosphorylation of several proteins among which src kinase was identified. Treatment of cells with a specific inhibitor of src activity caused a greater in vitro inhibition of proliferation and invasive properties of T84 parental cells with respect to T84SF cells and diminished metastasis formation in vivo. Altogether, these data provide evidences that this new cell line may be valuable for identifying molecular mechanisms involved in the metastatic progression of colon cancer.

ALESSANDRO, R., FLUGY PAPE', A.M., RUSSO, D., STASSI, G., DE LEO, A., CORRADO, C., et al. (2005). Identification and phenotypic characterization of a subpopulation of T84 human colon cancer cells, after selection on activated endothelial cells. JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY, 203(1), 261-272 [10.1002/jcp.20236].

Identification and phenotypic characterization of a subpopulation of T84 human colon cancer cells, after selection on activated endothelial cells

ALESSANDRO, Riccardo;FLUGY PAPE', Anna Maria;STASSI, Giorgio;CORRADO, Chiara;DE LEO, Giacomo
2005

Abstract

The extravasation of metastatic cells is regulated by molecular events involving the initial adhesion of tumor cells to the endothelium and subsequently the migration of the cells in the host connective tissue. The differences in metastatic ability could be attributed to properties intrinsic of the various primary tumor types. Thus, the clonal selection of neoplastic cells during cancer progression results in cells better equipped for survival and formation of colonies in secondary sites. A cell line (T84SF) exhibiting an altered phenotypic appearance was selected from a colon cancer cell line (T84) by repetitive plating on TNFalpha-activated human endothelial cells and subsequent selection for adherent cells. Cell growth, motility, chemoinvasive abilities, tyrosine phosphorylation signaling, and the metastasis formation in nude mice of the two cell lines was compared. T84SF cells displayed in vitro an higher proliferation rate and a more invasive behavior compared to the parental cells while formed in vivo a greater number of metastatic colonies in nude mice. As concerns the signaling underlying the phenotypes of the selected cells, we examined the general tyrosine phosphorylation levels in both cell lines. Our results indicate that T84SF have an increased basal tyrosine phosphorylation of several proteins among which src kinase was identified. Treatment of cells with a specific inhibitor of src activity caused a greater in vitro inhibition of proliferation and invasive properties of T84 parental cells with respect to T84SF cells and diminished metastasis formation in vivo. Altogether, these data provide evidences that this new cell line may be valuable for identifying molecular mechanisms involved in the metastatic progression of colon cancer.
ALESSANDRO, R., FLUGY PAPE', A.M., RUSSO, D., STASSI, G., DE LEO, A., CORRADO, C., et al. (2005). Identification and phenotypic characterization of a subpopulation of T84 human colon cancer cells, after selection on activated endothelial cells. JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY, 203(1), 261-272 [10.1002/jcp.20236].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/15345
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