Cannabis use is associated with an earlier age of onset of psychosis (AOP). However, the reasons for this remain debated. Methods: We applied a Cox proportional hazards model to 410 first-episode psychosis patients to investigate the association between gender, patterns of cannabis use, and AOP. Results: Patients with a history of cannabis use presented with their first episode of psychosis at a younger age (mean years = 28.2, SD = 8.0; median years = 27.1) than those who never used cannabis (mean years = 31.4, SD = 9.9; median years = 30.0; hazard ratio [HR] = 1.42; 95% CI: 1.16-1.74; P < .001). This association remained significant after controlling for gender (HR = 1.39; 95% CI: 1.11-1.68; P < .001). Those who had started cannabis at age 15 or younger had an earlier onset of psychosis (mean years = 27.0, SD = 6.2; median years = 26.9) than those who had started after 15 years (mean years = 29.1, SD = 8.5; median years = 27.8; HR = 1.40; 95% CI: 1.06-1.84; P = .050). Importantly, subjects who had been using high-potency cannabis (skunk-type) every day had the earliest onset (mean years = 25.2, SD = 6.3; median years = 24.6) compared to never users among all the groups tested (HR = 1.99; 95% CI: 1.50- 2.65; P < .0001); these daily users of high-potency cannabis had an onset an average of 6 years earlier than that of non-cannabis users. Conclusions: Daily use, especially of high-potency cannabis, drives the earlier onset of psychosis in cannabis users.
|Data di pubblicazione:||17-dic-2013|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/25 - Psichiatria|
Settore MED/48 -Scienze Infermierist. e Tecn. Neuro-Psichiatriche e Riabilitat.
|Titolo:||Daily Use, Especially of High-Potency Cannabis, Drives the Earlier Onset of Psychosis in Cannabis Users.|
|Autori:||Di Forti, M.; Sallis, H.; Allegri, F.; Trotta, A.; Ferraro, L.; Stilo, S.; Marconi, A.; LA CASCIA, C.; Reis Marques, T.; Pariante, C.; Dazzan, P.; Mondelli, V.; Paparelli, A.; Kolliakou, A.; Prata, D.; Gaugrhan, F.; David, A.; Morgan, C.; Sthal, D.; Khondoker, M.; Maccabe, J.; Murray, R.|
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Di Forti, M., Sallis, H., Allegri, F., Trotta, A., Ferraro, L., Stilo, S.A., et al. (2013). Daily Use, Especially of High-Potency Cannabis, Drives the Earlier Onset of Psychosis in Cannabis Users. SCHIZOPHRENIA BULLETIN, 40, 1509-1517.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1093/schbul/sbt181|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|