Based on the encouraging results found for 3,5-dimethyl-6-phenyl-8-(trifluoromethyl)-5,6-dihydropyrazolo[3,4-f][1,2,3,5]tetrazepin-4-(3H)-one 7 previously tested by us, as well as the consideration that heterocycle fused tetrazepinones bearing the 2-chloroethyl substituent show a better cytotoxic profile than temozolomide and mitozolomide against human cancer cell lines which express the DNA repair protein O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), in this paper we report the multistep synthesis and the biological study of 3-(2-cloroethyl)-5-methyl-6-phenyl-8-(trifluoromethyl)-5,6-dihydropyrazolo[3,4-f][1,2,3,5]tetrazepin-4-(3H)-one 10. Like compound 7, it was active on P-glycoprotein expressing cells (MDR) HL60 and on K562 cell line that are resistant to apoptosis induced by different stimuli, showing GI50 values of 14 and 18 µM respectively. As an antiproliferative agent against the above cells compound 10 was about 2.2 times more active than compound 7. Compound 10 was also tested against WiDR cells which are overexpressing the DNA repair protein MGMT, showing a GI50 value of 2.3 µM. Finally, concerning the effect on cell cycle we observed an evident difference between compounds 7 and 10. In fact, compound 7 induces a block of cell cycle in G0-G1, therefore acting as phase-specific drug, in contrast, compound 10 is a not phase-specific agent. Both the compounds are able to increase the apoptotic sub G0-G1 peak of cell cycle.

Maggio, B., Raimondi, M., Raffa, D., Plescia, F., Cascioferro, S., Cancemi, G., et al. (2015). Synthesis and antiproliferative activity of 3-(2-cloroethyl)-5-methyl-6-phenyl-8-(trifluoromethyl)-5,6-dihydropyrazolo[3,4-f][1,2,3,5]tetrazepin-4-(3H)-one. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, 96, 98-104 [10.1016/j.ejmech.2015.04.004].

Synthesis and antiproliferative activity of 3-(2-cloroethyl)-5-methyl-6-phenyl-8-(trifluoromethyl)-5,6-dihydropyrazolo[3,4-f][1,2,3,5]tetrazepin-4-(3H)-one

MAGGIO, Benedetta;RAIMONDI, Maria Valeria;RAFFA, Demetrio;PLESCIA, Fabiana;CASCIOFERRO, Stella Maria;CANCEMI, Gabriella;GRIMAUDO, Stefania;DAIDONE, Giuseppe
2015

Abstract

Based on the encouraging results found for 3,5-dimethyl-6-phenyl-8-(trifluoromethyl)-5,6-dihydropyrazolo[3,4-f][1,2,3,5]tetrazepin-4-(3H)-one 7 previously tested by us, as well as the consideration that heterocycle fused tetrazepinones bearing the 2-chloroethyl substituent show a better cytotoxic profile than temozolomide and mitozolomide against human cancer cell lines which express the DNA repair protein O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), in this paper we report the multistep synthesis and the biological study of 3-(2-cloroethyl)-5-methyl-6-phenyl-8-(trifluoromethyl)-5,6-dihydropyrazolo[3,4-f][1,2,3,5]tetrazepin-4-(3H)-one 10. Like compound 7, it was active on P-glycoprotein expressing cells (MDR) HL60 and on K562 cell line that are resistant to apoptosis induced by different stimuli, showing GI50 values of 14 and 18 µM respectively. As an antiproliferative agent against the above cells compound 10 was about 2.2 times more active than compound 7. Compound 10 was also tested against WiDR cells which are overexpressing the DNA repair protein MGMT, showing a GI50 value of 2.3 µM. Finally, concerning the effect on cell cycle we observed an evident difference between compounds 7 and 10. In fact, compound 7 induces a block of cell cycle in G0-G1, therefore acting as phase-specific drug, in contrast, compound 10 is a not phase-specific agent. Both the compounds are able to increase the apoptotic sub G0-G1 peak of cell cycle.
Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica
Maggio, B., Raimondi, M., Raffa, D., Plescia, F., Cascioferro, S., Cancemi, G., et al. (2015). Synthesis and antiproliferative activity of 3-(2-cloroethyl)-5-methyl-6-phenyl-8-(trifluoromethyl)-5,6-dihydropyrazolo[3,4-f][1,2,3,5]tetrazepin-4-(3H)-one. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, 96, 98-104 [10.1016/j.ejmech.2015.04.004].
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S0223523415002536-main.pdf

Solo gestori archvio

Descrizione: Articolo principale
Tipologia: Versione Editoriale
Dimensione 824.36 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
824.36 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Revised manuscript.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Pre-print
Dimensione 310.86 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
310.86 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/130852
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 18
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 19
social impact