Potential roles of extracellular vesicles in brain cell-to-cell communication Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are released into thè extracellular space from both cancer and normal brain cells, and are probably able to modify thè phenotypic properties of receiving cells1. EVs released from astrocytes and neurons contain FGF2 and VEGF2'3 and induce a 'blood-brain barrier' (BBB) phenotype in cultured brain capillary endothelial cells (BCECs, unpublished results), On thè other hand, EVs from G26/24 oligodendroglioma induce apoptosis in neurons and astrocytes4-5. These effects are probably due to Fas Ligand and TRAIL, present in G26/24 vesicles4-5. Moreover, G26/24 EVs contain extracellular matrix remodeling proteases (such as ADAMTS)6, H1.0 histone protein, and H1.0 mRNA7. In particular, we previously hypothesized that G26/24 cells, and tumor cells in generai, can escape differentiation cues, and continue to proliferate by eliminating proteins, such as thè H1° linker histone (and its mRNA)7, which could otherwise block proliferation. To study vesicle release in a System that can better resemble in vivo conditions, astrocytes and BCECs were cultured on poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) scaffolds and tested for their ability to grow and survive on this three-dimensional structures. We analyzed in parallel thè celi growth in 2D and 3D culture systems and observed thè differences in celi morphology by fluorescence analysis: threedimensional scaffolds have thè ability to guide celi growth, provide support, encourage celi adhesion and proliferation. Astrocytes8 and BCECs (unpublished results) adapted well to these porous matrices, not only remaining on thè surface, but also penetrating inside thè scaffolds. EVs released by astrocytes in these scaffolds are probably exosomes, as suggested by transmission electron microscopy pictures, and by thè presence of intracellular structures resembling multivesicular bodies. This 3D celi culture System could be further enriched to host different brain celi types, in order to set, for example, an in vitro model of BBB, that may be useful for drug delivery studies, and for thè formulation of new therapeutic strategies for thè treatment of neurological diseases. References  Schiera, G., Di Liegro, C.M., Di Liegro I. Int J Mol Sci. 2017, 18(12). pii: E2774.  Schiera, G., Proia, P., Alberti, C., Mineo, M., Savettieri, G., Di Liegro, I., 2007. J Celi Mol Med. 2007, 111(6), 1384-94.  Proia, P., Schiera, G., Mineo, M., Ingrassia, A.M. Santoro, G., Savettieri, G., Di Liegro, I. Int J Mol Med. 2008, 21(1), 63-7.  D'Agostino, S., Salamene, M., Di Liegro, I., Vittorelli, ML, Int J Oncol. 2006, 29(5), 1075-85.  Lo Cicero, A., Schiera, G., Proia, P., Saladino, P., Savettieri, G., Di Liegro, C.M., Di Liegro, I. Int J Oncol. 2011,39(6): 1353-7.  Lo Cicero, A., Majkowska, I., Nagase, H., Di Liegro, I., Troeberg, L., Matrix Biol. 2012, 31(4), 229-33.  Schiera, G., Di Liegro, C.M., Saladino, P., Pitti, R., Savettieri, G., Proia, P., Di Liegro, I. Int J Oncol. 2013, 43(6), 1771-6.  Carfì Pavia, F., Di Bella, M.A., Brucato, V., Blanda, V., Zummo, F., Vitrano, I., Di Liegro, C.M., Ghersi, G., Di Liegro, I., Schiera, G. Mol Med Rep. 2019 [Epub ahead of print].  Di Bella MA, Zummo F., Carfì Pavia F., Brucato V., Di Liegro I., Schiera G. 2017, In: Microscopy and Imaging Science: practical approaches to applied research and education, pp 260-264. Ed: A. Méndez-Vilas Publisher, Formatex Research Center (Spain), ISBN-13, 978-84-942134-9-6.
F. Carfi' Pavia, F. C. P., M.a. Di Bell, M. D. B., V. Brucat, V. B., V. Bland, V. B., F. Zumm, F. Z., I. Vitran, I. V., C.m. Di Liegr, C. D. L., G. Ghers, G. G., G. Schier, G. S., I. Di Liegr, I. D. L., (6-8 NOVEMBRE). Potential roles of extracellular vesicles in brain cell-to-cell communication.
|Titolo:||Potential roles of extracellular vesicles in brain cell-to-cell communication|
|Citazione:||F. Carfi' Pavia, F. C. P., M.a. Di Bell, M. D. B., V. Brucat, V. B., V. Bland, V. B., F. Zumm, F. Z., I. Vitran, I. V., C.m. Di Liegr, C. D. L., G. Ghers, G. G., G. Schier, G. S., I. Di Liegr, I. D. L., (6-8 NOVEMBRE). Potential roles of extracellular vesicles in brain cell-to-cell communication.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||6.1 Paper non pubblicato|